Use of currencies In international trade by

Use of currencies In international trade by

17 Pages · 2012 · 886 KB · English

international trade (both exports and imports) an international currency – starting with a trade settlement currency. The pace of which it

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Use of currencies In international trade by Marc Auboin, Counsellor ?   3 basic realities and 2 questions ?  Trade finance: systemic to trade. Little trade paid cash - 70-80% of world trade relies on trade credit/guarantees. ?  Despite its safety (0.2% of default, ICC), trade finance hurt by financial crises, and in turn can hurt trade. Most trade finance is short-term (90-120 days). Pricing depends on IB rates, a bit on regulation. ?  Liquidity crisis can impact the availability of currency for international trade. If inter- bank market dries up in the Euro-zone or the USA, access to currencies become scarcer and more expensive. USD problem during the 2008-09, required the Fed to strike 14 swaps agreements with central banks from partner countries. ?   Question 1 : The dominance of the USD and the EUR: to what extent? ?   Question 2: Are there any credible alternative; when? ?  Mapping of international trade 3 Selected intra- and inter-regional merchandise trade, 2010 (Billion dollars and percentage in world trade) $3998 billion 26.9% $2464 billion 16.6% $956 billion 6.4% Europe ! A s i a $1332 billion 9% $148 billion 1.0 % $62.5 billion 0.4 % $89.1 billion 0.6 % $109.1 billion 0.7% Africa ! Europe $360 billion 2.4% $1214 billion 8.2% : regional intra-trade CIS ! Europe $488 billion 3.3% Middle East ! Asia $669 billion 4.5% North America ! Europe $746 billion 5.0% South America ! North America $303 billion 2.0% Asia ! North America 4 Figure 1.2: Intra-regional merchandise trade, 2010 Commonwealth of Independent States Africa 12.3% 19% Asia 52.6% Europe 71.0% * Middle East 10% 26% 48.7% X% Extra trade share Intra trade share Legend *

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