UNIVERSITY OF CALIFORNIA Los Angeles Assessment of Practices and Tool Development to ...

UNIVERSITY OF CALIFORNIA Los Angeles Assessment of Practices and Tool Development to ...

157 Pages · 2015 · 2.88 MB · English

findings and tools produced here can improve mechanisms and methods of wetland replacement through compensatory mitigation, and thus help To my parents, Bryan and Gail, and my grandmother, Kay. And in memory of my grandparents Harvey, Helen, and . Compensatory mitigation evaluation.

UNIVERSITY OF CALIFORNIA Los Angeles Assessment of Practices and Tool Development to ... free download

UCLA UCLA Electronic Theses and Dissertations Title Assessment of Practices and Tool Development to Improve Compensatory Mitigation in Southern California Permalink https://escholarshiporg/uc/item/9b18607p Author Fong, Lisa Publication Date 2015 Peer reviewed|Thesis/dissertation eScholarshiporg Powered by the California Digital Library University of California UNIVERSITY OF CALIFORNIA Los Angeles Assessment of Practices and Tool Development to Improve Compensatory Mitigation in Southern California A dissertation submitted in partial satisfaction of the requirements for the degree of Doctor of Environmental Science and Engineering by Lisa Susan Fong 2015 © Copyright by Lisa Susan Fong 2015 ii ABSTRACT OF THE DISS ERTATION Assessment of Practices and Tool Development to Support Compensatory Mitigation in Southern California by Lisa Susan Fong Doctor of Environmental Science and Engineering University of California, Los Angeles, 2015 Professor Richard F Ambrose, Chair Wetland loss due to human impacts is a global concern For certain regulated activities in the United States, the Clean Water Act §404 requires replacement of aquatic functions through compensatory mitigation In spite of the existing mitigation framework and a 2008 Compensatory M itigation Final Rule updating regulatory guidance, concerns exist regarding the effectiveness of the compensatory mitigation program This dissertation contributes to mitigation improvement through three studies First , we evaluate d numbers, sizes, and compensation types of §404 projects permitted before (2002 05) and after (2009 13) the Mitigation Rule to determine how its compensation hierarchy was implemented in southern California Contrary to expectations, the proportion of thi rd party mitigation projects, and of corresponding acres, decreased after the Rule Within permittee responsible mitigation, the proportion of off site iii projects increased, as predicted While is it possible the compensation hierarchy influenced these trend s, external factors , particularly the national economic downturn, may also have contributed to the patterns observed Secondly , we developed chronosequence stream restoration performance curves from projects of different ages to illustrate likely developme ntal trajectories of high performing restored streams The curves, developed using California Rapid Assessment Method (CRAM) data, predicted the time required for projects to achieve reference level scores for the CRAM index and Hydrology and Biotic Struct ure attributes, but underestimated the time for projects to achieve the Physical Structure attribute reference level CRAM based performance curves could be used to guide standard development, and to predict future project performance Finally , we develope d an aerial imagery assessment method (AIAM) that combines landscape, hydrology, and vegetation observations into one index describing overall ecological condition of non confined streams Verification of AIAM demonstrated sites in good condition (as asses sed on site by CRAM) received high AIAM scores, and select components of AIAM and CRAM were highly correlated AIAM based time series trajectories of three projects revealed they improved in condition after restoration, with the most dynamic change over ti me in vegetation characteristics AIAM has high potential as a n ecological assessment tool to determine restoration status and trajectories , and can be used for restoration management The findings and tools produced here can improve mechanisms and methods of wetland replacement through compensatory mitigation , and thus help combat wetland loss iv The dissertation of Lisa Susan Fong is approved Peggy Fong Thomas Gillespie Philip Rundel Richard F Ambrose, Committee Chair University of California, Los Angeles 2015 v DEDICATION To my parents, Bryan and Gail, and my grandmother, Kay And in memory of my grandparents Harvey, Helen, and Walter vi TABLE OF CONTENTS ABSTRACT OF THE DISS ERTATION II DEDICATION V LIST OF TABLES X LIST OF FIGURES XI LIST OF APPE NDICES XII ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS XIII VITA XV CHAPTER ONE: INTRODU CTION 1 THE PROBLEM OF W ETLAND LOSS 1 COMPENSATING FOR W ETLAND LOSS IN THE UNITED STATES 2 CHAPTER TWO: COMPENS ATORY MITIGATION IMP LEMENTATION IN SOUTHERN

------------- Read More -------------

Download university-of-california-los-angeles-assessment-of-practices-and-tool-development-to.pdf

UNIVERSITY OF CALIFORNIA Los Angeles Assessment of Practices and Tool Development to ... related documents

35 Value of your PTA - The California State PTA

2 Pages · 2011 · 21 KB · English

Association • Web Wise Kids . Title: Microsoft Word - 35 Value of your PTA.doc Author: Kathryn Cross Created Date: 2/17/2011 1:52:56 PM

Runtime Enforcement of Memory Safety for the C Programming Language

218 Pages · 2011 · 1.33 MB · English

Abstract Titleofdissertation: Runtime Enforcement of Memory Safety for the C Programming Language MatthewStephenSimpson,DoctorofPhilosphy,2011 Dissertationdirectedby

Erik Sander, Founding Director University of Florida Engineering Innovation Institute

18 Pages · 2014 · 96 KB · English

Erik received his Bachelor of Science in Mechanical Engineering from the University of Florida UF College of Engineering Faculty and Lecturer of Entrepreneurship . Provided consultation to the Central Metallurgical Research and Served for seven years as the President of a university technology 

Regulation of energy balance and carbohydrate/lipid metabolism

10 Pages · 2003 · 182 KB · English

Section IV: Lipid Modulators of Islet Function. Update on Adipocyte Hormones. Regulation of Energy Balance and Carbohydrate/Lipid. Metabolism. Peter J. Havel .. and more numerous adipocytes than women with android fat distribution (124) Dev Cell 3:25–38, 2002. 2. Bluher M, Kahn BB, Kahn 

Stories of Rights: Developing Moral Theory and Teaching Law

24 Pages · 2013 · 2.72 MB · English

Teaching Law. Patricia A. Cain pollen, and if you open your windows, one may drift in and take root so a seed drifts through and takes root in your living room. Id. at 319-20 n.18; accord J. FLEMING, supra note 31, at 89 Laycock, The Ultimate Unity of Rights and Utilities, 64 TEXAS L. REV. 407 

Department of Physics

148 Pages · 2012 · 1.65 MB · English

Dr. Subhash Chandra. Dr. L.R. Dangwal. Dr. K.K Physics, Nuclear Geophysics and Material Science. M A Rashid, S Ahmed, Z Hassan, M. Alam, R A . Temporal Dynamics of Radon in Soil And Factors of Impact. Yakovleva 

Food allergies and advisory labelling

63 Pages · 2009 · 732 KB · English

Ig. Immunoglobulins. ILSI. International Life Science Institute (Int) and chemistry - Allergy and. Environment Laboratory, Paris; member of the Biotechnology Scientific Panel until August .. possible not only to improve the quality of life of food allergy sufferers but also to progress in terms of

Flatfoot in Children: How to Approach? - TUMS Electronic Journals

8 Pages · 2007 · 275 KB · English

footwear on the prevalence of flat foot. A survey of 2300 children. J Bone Joint Surg. 1992;74-B:525-7. 25. Sullivan JA. Pediatric flatfoot: evaluation

UNIVERSITY OF CALIFORNIA Los Angeles Rewriting central metabolism for carbon conservation ...

124 Pages · 2015 · 3.96 MB · English

biorefinery. Most approaches have focused on optimizing naturally occurring pathways to improve titer, productivity, and yield. However, certain inherent hibernation. Arch. Biochem. Biophys. 408, 279–285 (2002). 49. Kelley-loughnane, N. et al. Purification, kinetic studies, and homology model of

SoftBound: Highly Compatible and Complete Spatial Memory Safety for C

14 Pages · 2009 · 225 KB · English

SoftBound: Highly Compatible and Complete Spatial Memory Safety for C Santosh Nagarakatte Jianzhou Zhao Milo M. K. Martin Steve Zdancewic Computer and Information