Relations between oral pharyngeal size and kinematic measures of tongue related swallowing ...

Relations between oral pharyngeal size and kinematic measures of tongue related swallowing ...

42 Pages · 2015 · 1.15 MB · English

ticulatory movements associated with speech production (Honda, Maeda, Hashi, healthy male and female speakers of American English.

Relations between oral pharyngeal size and kinematic measures of tongue related swallowing ... free download

W este rn M ichi gan U niversit y Sc hol arW ork s a t W MU H onor s The se s L ee H onor s Colle ge 5222013 R elations b etwee n or al ph ary n ge al si ze a nd k ine matic me asur es of t ongue r elated sw allo win g mo veme nts D aniel le M onast W ester n M ichig a n U niv er sit y , d anie lle e mon [email protected] mich e du F ollo w thi s and a ddition al w orks at: h tt p://s chola rw ork sw mich e du/honor s_these s P art of the S pe ech P atho logy a nd Aud iology C ommon s Thi s Honor s The sisO pen Ac ce ss i s br ought to y ou for f re e a nd ope n acce ss b y the L ee H onor s Colle ge a t Scho la rW ork s at W MU I t h as be en a cce pt ed for inclusion in H onors The se s b y a n a uthor iz e d a dmini str ator of S cho la rW ork s at W MU F or mor e information, p leas e c onta ct m air abund [email protected] miche du R ecomme nded Citation M on ast, D anie lle , " Rela tion s be tw ee n or al phary n geal si ze a nd k inematic me asur es of t ongue r ela te d s wal lo win g mo veme nts " (2013) H on ors Th ese s P ape r 2276 Running head: ORAL PHARYNGEAL CAVITY SIZE AND KINEMATIC MEASURES 1 Relations between Oral Pharyngeal Cavity Size and Kinematic Measures of Tongue Related Swallowing Movement Danielle Monast Department of Speech Pathology and Audiology Western Michigan University Submitted in partial fulfillment of the requirements o f the Lee Honors College, Western Michigan University Dr Stephen Tasko, Thesis Chair May 2013 ORAL PHARYNGEAL CAVITY SIZE AND KINEMATIC MEASURES 2 ABSTRACT Background: Though the tongue plays a critical role during the oral phase of swallowing, stu d ies have found that the size and shape of tongue m ovements during swallowing can vary greatly among individuals One factor that may contribute to this movement variability is oral pharyngeal cavity geometry A cavity with a different size and shape may require different move ments for efficient swallowi ng While there are a number of studies that have attempted to relate the oral pharyngeal anatomy with features of orofacial movement, these studies focused on speech movements and no studies have directly evaluated the relation between swallowing related tongue movements and oral pharyngeal anatomy Purpose: This study sought to assess the effect that selected anatomical factors have on the movements of the tongue during normal liquid swallowing Methods: Forty one healthy young adults (18 males and 23 f emales) served as participants Pa r ticipants swa llowed 10cc boluses of water while orofacial movements were recorded using an x ray microbeam system The size, speed , and duration of tongue movements were extracted and were compared to estimated dimensio ns of the participants’ vocal tract s Results : Males exhibited vocal tracts that were taller and larger in area as compared to females Males also tended to have tongue movements that were larger and faster compared to women

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