Lecture 3: Principles of Management - Department of Computer Science

Lecture 3: Principles of Management - Department of Computer Science

4 Pages · 2001 · 142 KB · English

Principles of Management A manager can control 4 things: Resources (can get more dollars, facilities, personnel) Time (can increase schedule, delay milestones, etc.)

Lecture 3: Principles of Management - Department of Computer Science free download

1 University of Toronto Department of Computer Science © 2001, Steve Easterbrook Lecture 3: Project Management ➜ Project Management Planning Tools PERT charts, Gantt Charts, etc. Meetings ➜ Risk Management Risk Assessment Risk Control ➜ Measurement choosing software metrics some example metrics 2 University of Toronto Department of Computer Science © 2001, Steve Easterbrook Project Management Basics ➜ Thankless job: success is not noticeable little evidence the manager did anything project looks simple in hindsight failure is very obvious the manager will get blamed when things go wrong ➜ Difficult Job Problems to solve include: Do we have the resources (funding, people, time) for the task? Are we certain the task is stated correctly? How can we use limited resources most effectively? How does recent (lack of) progress affect the plan? What lessons can be learnt for future tasks? Source: Adapted from Blum, 1992, 426-7 see also: van Vliet Chapter 2 3 University of Toronto Department of Computer Science © 2001, Steve Easterbrook Principles of Management ➜ A manager can control 4 things: Resources (can get more dollars, facilities, personnel) Time (can increase schedule, delay milestones, etc.) Product (can reduce functionality - e.g. scrub requirements) Risk (can decide which risks are acceptable) ➜ Approach (applies to any management) Understand the goals and objectives quantify them where possible Understand the constraints if there is uncertainty, use probability estimates Plan to meet the objectives within the constraints Monitor and adjust the plan Preserve a calm, productive, positive work environment ➜ Note: You cannot control what you cannot measure! 4 University of Toronto Department of Computer Science © 2001, Steve Easterbrook Critique of Mars’98 Program Inadequate Margins Science (functionality ) Fixed (growth) Schedule Fixed Cost Fixed Launch Vehicle Fixed (Some Relief) Risk Only variable Source: Adapted from MPIAT 2000, p6 5 University of Toronto Department of Computer Science © 2001, Steve Easterbrook Tool 1: Work Breakdown Structure 1.1 Software Systems Engineering 1.1.1 Support to Systems Engineering 1.1.2 Support to Hardware Engineering 1.1.3 Software Engineering Trade Studies 1.1.4 System Requirements Analysis 1.1.5 Software Requirements Analysis 1.1.6 Interface Analysis 1.1.7 Support to Systems Test 1.2 Software Development 1.2.1 Deliverable Software 1.2.1.1 Requirements Analysis 1.2.1.2 Architectural Design 1.2.1.3 Procedural Design 1.2.1.4 Code 1.2.1.5 Unit Test 1.2.1.6 Software Integration Test 1.2.1.7 Technical Reviews 1.2.1.8 Technical Training 1.2.2 Non-deliverable Software 1.2.3 Purchased Software 1.2.3.1 Package Evaluation 1.2.4 Development facilities and tools Source: Adapted from Blum, 1992, p438 see also: van Vliet pp192-3 1.3 Software Test and Evaluation 1.3.1 Software Dev. Test & Evaluation 1.3.2 End-Product Acceptance

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