Introduction to SolidWorks (PDF)

Introduction to SolidWorks (PDF)

120 Pages · 2010 · 3.22 MB · English

Introducing SolidWorks The SolidWorks Software SolidWorks Document Windows14. Function 

Introduction to SolidWorks (PDF) free download

Introducing SolidWorks Contents Legal Notices vi Introduction viii The SolidWorks Software viii Intended Audience viii System Requirements viii Document Structure viii Conventions Used in this Document ix 1 SolidWorks Fundamentals 10 Concepts 10 3D Design 10 Component Based 11 Terminology 13 User Interface 14 Windows Functions 14 SolidWorks Document Windows 14 Function Selection and Feedback 16 Design Process 20 Design Intent 21 Design Method 21 Sketches 21 Origin 22 Planes 22 Dimensions 23 Relations 26 Features 29 Assemblies 30 Drawings 31 Model Editing 31 2 Parts 34 Overview 35 Countertop 35 Design Approach 35 Create the Base Feature with an Extrude 36 Add an Extrude to the Base 37 Remove Material with the CutExtrude 37 Use aLoft to Make aSolid 38 ii Shell the Part 39 Round Sharp Edges with Fillets 39 Faucet 39 Design Approach 40 Create the Sweep 41 Faucet Handle 41 Design Approach 42 Revolve the Sketch 42 Cabinet Door 43 Design Approach 43 Create Beveled Edges with the Chamfer Tool 44 Moldings 44 Design Approach 44 Design aMidPlane Extrude 45 Sketch aProfile for the CutExtrude 45 Mirror the Cut 45 Use Configurations of aPart 45 Hinge 46 Design Approach 47 Create Sheet Metal with the Base Flange 47 Make the Tab 47 Generate the Linear Pattern 48 Add the Hem 49 Alternate Design Approach 49 3 Assemblies 51 Assembly Definition 51 Assembly Design Methods 52 Bottomup Design 52 Topdown Design 52 Prepare an Assembly 53 Mates 54 Faucet Subassembly 55 Faucet Subassembly Alternate Design Approach 58 Door Subassembly 59 Cabinet Subassembly 59 InContext Design 60 Create an Assembly Component InContext 61 Modify aPart InContext of an Assembly 61 Load an Assembly 62 Examine the Assembly 62 Hide and Show Components 62 Explode the Assembly 63 Detect Collisions Between Components 64 iii Contents 4 Drawings 65 Drawing Documents 65 Drawing Templates 66 Drawing Sheets 66 Sheet Formats 67 Drawing Views 67 Vanity Cabinet Drawing Sheet 68 Standard Views 68 View Display and Alignment 70 Dimensions 71 Annotations 73 Faucet Assembly Drawing Sheet 74 Explode Lines 75 Derived Views 75 Notes and Other Annotations 77 Vanity Assembly Drawing Sheet 78 Exploded Views 78 Bill of Materials 79 Balloons and Stacked Balloons 80 5 Engineering Tasks 81 Building Multiple Configurations of Parts 81 Updating Models Automatically 83 Loading the Latest Models 83 Replacing Referenced Models 84 Importing and Exporting Files 84 Recognizing Features in NonSolidWorks Parts 84 Performing Stress Analysis 85 Customizing SolidWorks 85 Sharing Models 86 Creating PhotoRealistic Images of Models 87 Animating Assemblies 88 Managing SolidWorks Files 88 Accessing aLibrary of Standard Parts 89 Examining and Editing Model Geometry 90 A StepbyStep Lesson 92 Getting Ready for the Lesson 92 Creating aBox 93 Opening aNew Part 93 Setting the Drafting Standard and Units 94 Sketching aRectangle 94 Dimensioning the Sketch 96 Extruding the Sketch 96 iv Contents Creating aHollow Model 97 Saving the Part 98 Creating aLid for the Box 98 Opening aNew Part 98 Setting the Drafting Standard and Units 99 Sketching aRectangle 99 Dimensioning the Sketch 100 Extruding the Sketch 100 Creating aLip on the Cover 101 Dimensioning the Sketch 102 Extruding the Sketch 104 Saving the Part 105 Putting the Box and Lid Together 106 Opening aNew Assembly 106 Inserting Parts into the Assembly 106 Moving aComponent 107 Rotating aComponent 108 Mating the Components 109 Saving the Assembly 111 Creating aDrawing 111 Opening aNew Drawing 111 Setting the Drafting Standard and Units 112 Inserting Standard 3Views 112 Inserting an Isometric Model View 113 Dimensioning the Drawing 113 B Exercises 116 Covered Can 116 Bolt, Washer, and Nut 118 v Contents Legal Notices © 19952010, Dassault Systèmes SolidW orks Corpor ation, aDassault Systèmes SA compan y, 300 Bak er Avenue, Concord, Mass 01742 US A All Rights Reserv ed The information and the softw are discussed in this document are subject to change without notice and are not commitments byDassault Systèmes SolidW orks Corpor ation (DS SolidW orks) No material ma ybe reproduced or transmitted in an yform or byan ymeans, electronically or manually ,for an ypurpose without the express written permission of DS SolidW orks The softw are discussed in this document is furnished under alicense and ma ybe used or copied only in accordance with the terms of the license All warr anties giv en byDS SolidW orks as to the softw are and documentation are set forth in the license agreement, and nothing stated in, or implied by,this document or its contents shall be considered or deemed a modification or amendment of an yterms, including warr anties, in the license agreement Patent Notices SolidW orks ®3D mechanical CAD softw are is protected byUS Patents 5,815,154; 6,219,049; 6,219,055; 6,611,725; 6,844,877; 6,898,560; 6,906,712; 7,079,990; 7,477,262; 7,558,705; 7,571,079; 7,590,497; 7,643,027; 7,672,822; 7,688,318; 7,694,238; and foreign patents, (eg ,EP 1,116,190 and JP 3,517,643) eDr awings ®softw are is protected byUS Patent 7,184,044; US Patent 7,502,027; and Canadian Patent 2,318,706 US and foreign patents pending Trademarks and Product Names for SolidWorks Products and Services SolidW orks, 3D PartStreamNET ,3D ContentCentr al, eDr awings, and the eDr awings logo are registered trademarks and FeatureManager is ajointly owned registered trademark of DS SolidW orks CircuitW orks, Feature Palette, FloXpress, PhotoW orks, TolAnalyst, and XchangeW orks are trademarks of DS SolidW orks FeatureW orks is aregistered trademark of Geometric Ltd SolidW orks 2011, SolidW orks Enterprise PDM, SolidW orks Simulation, SolidW orks Flow Simulation, and eDr awings Professional are product names of DS SolidW orks Other br and or product names are trademarks or registered trademarks of their respectiv e holders COMMERCIAL COMPUTER SOF TW ARE PROPRIET AR Y US Go vernment Restricted Rights Use, duplication, or disclosure bythe go vernment is subject to restrictions as set forth in FAR 5222719 (Commercial Computer Softw are Restricted Rights), DF ARS 2277202 (Commercial Computer Softw are and Commercial Computer Softw are Documentation), and in the license agreement, as applicable Contr actor/Manufacturer: Dassault Systèmes SolidW orks Corpor ation, 300 Bak er Avenue, Concord, Massachusetts 01742 US A vi Copyright Notices for SolidWorks Standard, Premium, Professional, and Education Products Portions of this softw are © 19862010 Siemens Product Lifecy cle Management Softw are Inc All rights reserv ed Portions of this softw are © 19862010 Siemens Industry Softw are Limited All rights reserv ed Portions of this softw are © 19982010 Geometric Ltd Portions of this softw are © 19962010 Microsoft Corpor ation All rights reserv ed Portions of this softw are incorpor ate Ph ysX ™ byNVIDIA 20062010 Portions of this softw are © 2001 2010 Lux ology ,Inc All rights reserv ed, Patents Pending Portions of this softw are © 2007 2010 Driv eW orks Ltd Cop yright 19842010 Adobe Systems Inc and its licensors All rights reserv ed Protected by US Patents 5,929,866; 5,943,063; 6,289,364; 6,563,502; 6,639,593; 6,754,382; Patents Pending Adobe, the Adobe logo ,Acrobat, the Adobe PDF logo ,Distiller and Reader are registered trademarks or trademarks of Adobe Systems Inc in the US and other countries For more cop yright information, in SolidW orks see Help > About SolidWorks Copyright Notices for SolidWorks Simulation Products Portions of this softw are © 2008 Solv ersoft Corpor ation PCGLS S © 19922007 Computational Applications and System Integr ation, Inc All rights reserv ed Copyright Notices for Enterprise PDM Product Outside In ®Viewer Technology ,© Cop yright 19922010, Or acle © Cop yright 19952010, Or acle All rights reserv ed Portions of this softw are © 19962010 Microsoft Corpor ation All rights reserv ed Copyright Notices for eDrawings Products Portions of this softw are © 20002010 Tech Soft 3D Portions of this softw are © 19951998 JeanLoup Gailly and Mark Adler Portions of this softw are © 19982001 3Dconnexion Portions of this softw are © 19982010 Open Design Alliance All rights reserv ed Portions of this softw are © 19952009 Spatial Corpor ation This softw are is based in part on the work of the Independent JPEG Group vii Introduction This chapter includes the following topics: • The SolidWorks Software The SolidWorks Software The SolidW orks ®CAD softw are is amechanical design automation application that lets designers quickly sk etch out ideas, experiment with features and dimensions, and produce models and detailed dr awings This document discusses concepts and terminology used throughout the SolidW orks application It familiariz es you with the commonly used functions of SolidW orks Intended Audience This document is for new SolidW orks users In this document, you are introduced to concepts and design processes in ahighlev el approach The StepbyStep Lesson on page 92 is handson training that guides you through each step in aprocess and shows the results SolidW orks Help contains acomprehensiv eset of tutorials that pro vide stepb ystep instruction on man yof the features of SolidW orks After you complete the StepbyStep Lesson in this document, progress to Lessons 1, 2, and 3in the SolidW orks tutorials System Requirements For system requirements, see the SolidW orks Web site: http://wwwsolidworkscom/sw/support/SystemRequirementshtml System requirements http://wwwsolidworkscom/sw/support/videocardtestinghtml Graphics card requirements Document Structure This document is organiz ed to reflect the waythat you use the SolidW orks softw are It is structured around the basic SolidW orks document types: parts, assemblies, and dr awings For example, you create apart before you create an assembly Throughout the document, abathroom vanit y(including acabinet, acountertop ,afaucet, and pipes) illustr ates various tools and functions available to you in the softw are: viii Topics Discussed Title Section Introduces design concepts, SolidW orks terminology ,and pro vides an overview of help options Fundamentals 1 Demonstr ates design methods, tools, and features commonly used to mak eparts Parts 2 Shows how to add parts to an assembly ,specif ymates, and use incontext design methods Assemblies 3 Discusses dr awing sheet formats, views, dimensions, annotations, and bills of materials Dr awings 4 Examines addin applications, utilities, and other resources to complete adv anced tasks Engineering Tasks 5 Pro vides guided instruction to perform basic tasks Stepb yStep Lesson Pro vides sample ex ercises to pr actice the material Ex ercises Conventions Used in this Document Meaning Convention An ySolidW orks user interface element that you can select such as atool or menu item Bold References to books and other documents, or to emphasiz e text Italic Reference to online tutorial Access the Online Tutorial from the Help menu in the SolidW orks softw are Reference to Help Access Help from the Help menu in the SolidW orks softw are Tip ix 1 SolidWorks Fundamentals This chapter includes the following topics: • Concepts • Terminology • User Interface • Design Process • Design Intent • Design Method • Sketches • Features • Assemblies • Drawings • Model Editing Concepts Parts are the basic building blocks in the SolidW orks softw are Assemblies contain parts or other assemblies, called subassemblies A SolidW orks model consists of 3D geometry that defines its edges, faces, and surfaces The SolidW orks softw are lets you design models quickly and precisely SolidW orks models are: • Defined by3D design • Based on components 3D Design SolidW orks uses a3D design approach As you design apart, from the initial sk etch to the final result, you create a3D model From this model, you can create 2D dr awings or mate components consisting of parts or subassemblies to create 3D assemblies You can also create 2D dr awings of 3D assemblies When designing amodel using SolidW orks, you can visualiz eit in three dimensions, the waythe model exists once it is manufactured 10 SolidW orks 3D assembly SolidW orks 3D part SolidW orks 2D dr awing gener ated from 3D model Component Based One of the most powerful features in the SolidW orks application is that an ychange you mak eto apart is reflected in all associated dr awings or assemblies 11 SolidWorks Fundamentals This section uses the following terminology for the models: 12 SolidWorks Fundamentals Faucet handle: Faucet: Waste pipe: Terminology These terms appear throughout the SolidW orks softw are and documentation Appears as two blue arrows and represents the (0,0,0) coordinate of the model When ask etch is activ e, ask etch origin appears in red and Origin represents the (0,0,0) coordinate of the sk etch You can add dimensions and relations to amodel origin, but not to ask etch origin Flat construction geometry You can use planes for adding a2D sk etch, section view of amodel, or aneutr al plane in adr aft feature, for example Plane Str aight line used to create model geometry ,features, or patterns You can create an axis in different ways, including intersecting two planes The Axis SolidW orks application creates tempor ary ax es implicitly for ev ery conical or cylindrical face in amodel Boundaries that help define the shape of amodel or asurface A face is a selectable area (planar or nonplanar) of amodel or surface For example, arectangular solid has six faces Face Location where two or more faces intersect and are joined together You can select edges for sk etching and dimensioning, for example Edge 13 SolidWorks Fundamentals Point at which two or more lines or edges intersect You can select vertices for sk etching and dimensioning, for example Vertex User Interface The SolidW orks application includes user interface tools and capabilities to help you create and edit models efficiently ,including: Windows Functions The SolidW orks application includes familiar Windows functions, such as dr agging and resizing windows Man yof the same icons, such as print, open, sa ve, cut, and paste are also part of the SolidW orks application SolidWorks Document Windows SolidW orks document windows ha vetwo panels The left panel, or Manager Pane, contains: Displa ys the structure of the part, assembly ,or dr awing Select an item from the FeatureManager design tree to edit the FeatureManager ® design tree underlying sk etch, edit the feature, and suppress and unsuppress the feature or component, for example 14 SolidWorks Fundamentals Pro vides settings for man yfunctions such as sk etches, fillet features, and assembly mates PropertyManager Lets you create, select, and view multiple configur ations of parts and assemblies in adocument Configur ations are ConfigurationManager variations of apart or assembly within asingle document For example, you can use configur ations of abolt to specif ydifferent lengths and diameters You can split the left panel to displa ymore than one tab at atime For example, you can displa ythe FeatureManager design tree on the top portion and the Propert yManager tab for afeature you want to implement on the bottom portion The right panel is the gr aphics area, where you create and manipulate apart, assembly , or dr awing 15 SolidWorks Fundamentals Function Selection and Feedback The SolidW orks application lets you perform tasks in different ways It also pro vides feedback as you perform atask such as sk etching an entit yor applying afeature Examples of feedback include pointers, inference lines, and previews Menus You can access all SolidW orks commands using menus SolidW orks menus use Windows con ventions, including submenus and checkmarks to indicate that an item is activ e You can also use contextsensitiv eshortcut menus byclicking the right mouse button Toolbars You can access SolidW orks functions using toolbars Toolbars are organiz ed byfunction, for example, the Sk etch or Assembly toolbar Each toolbar comprises individual icons for specific tools, such as Rotate View ,Circular Pattern ,and Circle 16 SolidWorks Fundamentals You can displa yor hide toolbars, dock them around the four borders of the SolidW orks window ,or float them an ywhere on your screen The SolidW orks softw are remembers the state of the toolbars from session to session You can also add or delete tools to customiz ethe toolbars Tooltips displa ywhen you ho ver over each icon CommandManager The CommandManager is acontextsensitiv etoolbar that dynamically updates based on the activ edocument type When you click atab below the CommandManager ,it updates to show the related tools Each document type, such as part, assembly ,or dr awing, has different tabs defined for its tasks The content of the tabs is customizable, similar to toolbars For example, ifyou click the Features tab ,tools related to features appear You can also add or delete tools to customiz ethe CommandManager Tooltips displa ywhen you ho ver over each icon Shortcut Bars Customizable shortcut bars let you create your own sets of commands for part, assembly , dr awing, and sk etch mode Toaccess the bars, you press auserdefined keyboard shortcut, bydefault, the S key Context Toolbars Context toolbars appear when you select items in the gr aphics area or FeatureManager design tree They pro vide access to frequently performed actions for that context Context toolbars are available for parts, assemblies, and sk etches 17 SolidWorks Fundamentals Mouse Buttons Mouse buttons oper ate in the following ways: Selects menu items, entities in the gr aphics area, and objects in the FeatureManager design tree Left Displa ys the contextsensitiv eshortcut menus Right Rotates, pans, and zooms apart or an assembly ,and pans in adr awing Middle You can use amouse gesture as ashortcut to ex ecute acommand, similar to akeyboard shortcut Once you learn command mappings, you can use mouse gestures to invok emapped commands quickly Mouse gestures Toactiv ate amouse gesture, from the gr aphics area, rightdr ag in the gesture direction that corresponds to the command When you rightdr ag, aguide appears, showing the command mappings for the gesture directions 18 SolidWorks Fundamentals Dr awings guide with eight gestures Sk etch guide with eight gestures The guide highlights the command you are about to select Customizing the User Interface You can customiz ethe toolbars, menus, keyboard shortcuts, and other elements of the user interface For alesson on customizing the SolidW orks user interface, see the Customizing SolidWorks tutorial Handles You can use the Propert yManager to set values such as the depth of an extrude You can also use gr aphic handles to dr ag and set par ameters dynamically without lea ving the gr aphics area Previews With most features, the gr aphics area displa ys apreview of the feature you want to create Previews are displa yed with features such as base or boss extrudes, cut extrudes, sweeps, lofts, patterns, and surfaces 19 SolidWorks Fundamentals Loft preview Pointer Feedback In the SolidW orks application, the pointer changes to show the type of object, for example, avertex, an edge, or aface In sk etches, the pointer changes dynamically ,pro viding data about the type of sk etch entit yand the position of the pointer relativ eto other sk etch entities For example: Indicates arectangular sk etch Indicates the midpoint of ask etch line or edge Selection Filters Selection filters help you select aparticular type of entit y,thereb yex cluding selection of other entit ytypes in the gr aphics area For example, to select an edge in acomplex part or assembly ,select Filter Edges to ex clude other entities Filters are not restricted to entities such as faces, surfaces, or ax es You can also use the selection filter to select specific dr awing annotations, such as notes and balloons, weld symbols, and geometric toler ances Additionally ,you can select multiple entities using selection filters For example, to apply afillet, afeature that rounds off edges, you can select aloop composed of multiple adjacent edges For more information on using filters, see Selection Filter in the Help Select Other Use the Select other tool to select entities that are visually obscured byother entities The tool hides the obscuring entities or lets you select from alist of obscured entities Design Process The design process usually involv es the following steps: • Identif ythe model requirements • Conceptualiz ethe model based on the identified needs • Dev elop the model based on the concepts • Analyz ethe model • Protot ype the model • Construct the model • Edit the model, ifneeded 20 SolidWorks Fundamentals Design Intent Design intent determines how you want your model to react as aresult of the changes you need to mak eto the model For example, ifyou mak eaboss with ahole in it, the hole should mo vewhen the boss mo ves: Design intent not maintained when boss mo ves Design intent maintained when boss mo ves Original part Design intent is primarily about planning How you create the model determines how changes affect it The closer your design implementation is to your design intent, the greater the integrit yof the model Various factors contribute to the design process, including: Understand the purpose of the model to design it efficiently Current needs Anticipate potential requirements to minimiz eredesign efforts Future considerations Design Method Before you actually design the model, it is helpful to plan out amethod of how to create the model After you identif yneeds and isolate the appropriate concepts, you can dev elop the model: Create the sk etches and decide how to dimension and where to apply relations Sketches Select the appropriate features, such as extrudes and fillets, determine the best features to apply ,and decide in what order to apply those features Features Select the components to mate and the types of mates to apply Assemblies A model almost alw ays includes one or more sk etches and one or more features Not all models, howev er,include assemblies Sketches The sk etch is the basis for most 3D models Creating amodel usually begins with ask etch From the sk etch, you can create features You can combine one or more features to mak eapart Then, you can combine and mate 21 SolidWorks Fundamentals the appropriate parts to create an assembly From the parts or assemblies, you can then create dr awings A sk etch is a2D profile or cross section Tocreate a2D sk etch, you use aplane or a planar face In addition to 2D sk etches, you can also create 3D sk etches that include a Z axis, as well as the X and Yax es There are various ways of creating ask etch All sk etches include the following elements: Origin In man yinstances, you start the sk etch at the origin, which pro vides an anchor for the sk etch The sk etch on the right also includes a centerline The centerline is sk etched through the origin and is used to create the rev olv e Although acenterline is not alw ays needed in ask etch, acenterline helps to establish symmetry You can also use acenterline to apply amirror relation and to establish equal and symmetrical relations between sk etch entities Symmetry is an important tool to help create your axissymmetric models quick er Planes You can create planes in part or assembly documents You can sk etch on planes with sk etch tools such as the Line or Rectangle tool and create asection view of amodel On some models, the plane you sk etch on affects only the waythe model appears in astandard isometric view (3D) It does not affect the design intent With other models, selecting the correct initial plane on which to sk etch helps you create amore efficient model Choose aplane on which to sk etch The standard planes are front, top ,and right orientations You can also add and position planes as needed This example uses the top plane 22 SolidWorks Fundamentals For more information on planes, see Where to Start aSketch in the Help Dimensions You can specif ydimensions between entities such as lengths and radii When you change dimensions, the siz eand shape of the part changes Depending on how you dimension the part, you can preserv ethe design intent See Design Intent on page 21 The softw are uses two types of dimensions: driving dimensions and driv en dimensions Driving Dimensions You create driving dimensions with the Dimension tool Driving dimensions change the siz eof the model when you change their values For example, in the faucet handle, you can change the height of the faucet handle from 40mm to 55mm Note how the shape of the rev olv ed part changes because the spline is not dimensioned Tomaintain auniform shape gener ated bythe spline, you need to dimension the spline 23 SolidWorks Fundamentals Driven Dimensions Some dimensions associated with the model are driv en You can create driv en, or reference dimensions, for informational purposes using the Dimension tool The value of driv en dimensions changes when you modif ydriving dimensions or relations in the model You cannot modif ythe values of driv en dimensions directly unless you con vert them to driving dimensions In the faucet handle, ifyou dimension the total height as 40mm, the vertical section below the spline as 7mm, and the spline segment as 25mm, the vertical segment abo ve the spline is calculated as 8mm (as shown bythe driv en dimension) You control design intent bywhere you place the driving dimensions and relations For example, ifyou dimension the total height as 40mm and create an equal relation between the top and bottom vertical segments, the top segment becomes 7mm The 25mm vertical dimension conflicts with the other dimensions and relations (because 4077=26, not 25) Changing the 25mm dimension to adriv en dimension remo ves the conflict and shows that the spline length must be 26mm See Relations on page 26 for more information 24 SolidWorks Fundamentals Sketch Definitions Sk etches can be fully defined, under defined, or over defined In fully defined sk etches, all the lines and curv es in the sk etch, and their positions, are described bydimensions or relations, or both You do not ha veto fully define sk etches before you use them to create features Howev er,you should fully define sk etches to maintain your design intent Fully defined sk etches appear in black By displa ying the entities of the sk etch that are under defined, you can determine what dimensions or relations you need to add to fully define the sk etch You can use the color cues to determine ifask etch is under defined Under defined sk etches appear in blue In addition to color cues, entities in under defined sk etches are not fix ed within the sk etch, so you can dr ag them Ov er defined sk etches include redundant dimensions or relations that are in conflict You can delete over defined dimensions or relations, but you cannot edit them Ov er defined sk etches appear in yellow This sk etch is over defined because both vertical lines of the rectangle are dimensioned By definition, arectangle has two sets of equal sides Therefore, only one 35mm dimension is necessary 25 SolidWorks Fundamentals Relations Relations establish geometric relationships such as equalit yand tangency between sk etch entities For example, you can establish equalit ybetween the two horiz ontal 100mm entities below You can dimension each horiz ontal entit yindividually ,but byestablishing an equal relation between the two horiz ontal entities, you need to update only one dimension ifthe length changes The green symbols indicate that there is an equal relation between the horiz ontal lines: Relations are sa ved with the sk etch You can apply relations in the following ways: Some relations are created byinference For example, as you sk etch the two horiz ontal entities to create the base extrude for the faucet base, horiz ontal and par allel relations are created byinference Inference This example shows the concept of relations The SolidW orks application has ask etch slot tool to mak ethis shape easily ,as well as other types of slots 26 SolidWorks Fundamentals You can also use the Add Relations tool For example, to create the faucet stems, you sk etch apair of arcs for each stem Toposition the stems, you add atangent relation between the outer arcs and the top construction line horiz ontal (displa yed as abrok en line) For each stem, you also add aconcentric relation between the inner and outer arcs Add Relations Sketch Complexity A simple sk etch is easy to create and update, and it rebuilds quick er One wayto simplif ysk etching is to apply relations as you sk etch You can also tak e adv antage of repetition and symmetry For example, the faucet stems on the faucet base include repeated sk etched circles: Here is one wayyou can create this sk etch: 27 SolidWorks Fundamentals First, sk etch acenterline through the origin Centerlines help to create symmetrical sk etch entities This centerline is considered construction geometry ,which is different from actual geometry that is used in creating apart Construction geometry is used only to assist in creating the sk etch entities and geometry that are ultimately incorpor ated into the part Second, use the Dynamic Mirror tool to designate the centerline as the entit yabout which to mirror the sk etched circles Next, sk etch acircle byinferencing the sk etch origin When you use dynamic mirroring with the centerline, an ything you sk etch on one side is mirrored on the other side of the centerline You create the circles on the left and they are mirrored to the right of the centerline Finally ,dimension and add aconcentric relation between one of the circles and the outer arc of the base, and then use symmetry for the other 28 SolidWorks Fundamentals Features Once you complete the sk etch, you can create a3D model using features such as an extrude (the base of the faucet) or arev olv e(the faucet handle) Dimension the sk etch Create the sk etch Extrude the sk etch 10mm Some sk etchbased features are shapes such as bosses, cuts, and holes Other sk etchbased features such as lofts and sweeps use aprofile along apath Another type of feature is called an applied feature, which does not require ask etch Applied features include fillets, chamfers, or shells They are called “applied” because they are applied to existing geometry using dimensions and other char acteristics to create the feature Typically ,you create parts byincluding sk etchbased features such as bosses and holes Then you add applied features It is possible to create apart without sk etchbased features For example, you can import abody or use aderiv ed sk etch The ex ercises in this document show sk etchbased features 29 SolidWorks Fundamentals Applied feature: Fillets for rounding off edges Sk etchbased features: Base sweep for the waste pipe Sev er al factors influence how you choose which features to use For example, you can select between different features such as sweeps or lofts to achiev ethe same results and you can add features to amodel in a specific order For more information on features, see Parts on page 34 Assemblies You can combine multiple parts that fit together to create assemblies You integr ate the parts in an assembly using Mates ,such as Concentric and Coincident Mates define the allow able direction of mo vement of the components In the faucet assembly ,the faucet base and handles ha veconcentric and coincident mates With tools such as Move Component or Rotate Component ,you can see how the parts in an assembly function in a3D context Toensure that the assembly functions correctly ,you can use assembly tools such as Collision Detection Collision Detection lets you find collisions with other components when mo ving or rotating acomponent 30 SolidWorks Fundamentals Faucet assembly with Collision Detection ,Stop at collision option enabled Drawings You create dr awings from part or assembly models Dr awings are available in multiple views such as standard 3views and isometric views (3D) You can import the dimensions from the model document and add annotations such as datum target symbols Model Editing Use the SolidW orks FeatureManager design tree and the Propert yManager to edit sk etches, dr awings, parts, or assemblies You can also edit features and sk etches byselecting them directly from the gr aphics area This visual approach eliminates the need to know the name of the feature Editing capabilities include: You can select ask etch in the FeatureManager design tree and edit it For example, you can edit sk etch entities, change dimensions, view or delete Edit sketch existing relations, add new relations between sk etch entities, or change 31 SolidWorks Fundamentals the siz eof dimension displa ys You can also select the feature to edit directly from the gr aphics area Once you create afeature, you can change most of its values Use Edit Feature to displa ythe appropriate Propert yManager For example, ifyou Edit feature apply aConstant radius fillet to an edge, you displa ythe Fillet Propert yManager where you can change the radius You can also edit dimensions bydoubleclicking the feature or sk etch in the gr aphics area to show the dimensions and then change them in place No fillet feature Fillet feature: 12mm applied Fillet feature: 18mm applied With certain geometry such as multiple surface bodies in asingle model, you can hide or show one or more surface bodies You can hide and show Hide and show sk etches, planes, and ax es in all documents, and views, lines, and components in dr awings 32 SolidWorks Fundamentals You can select an yfeature from the FeatureManager design tree and suppress the feature to view the model without that feature When afeature Suppress and unsuppress is suppressed, itis tempor arily remo ved from the model (but not deleted) The feature disappears from the model view You can then unsuppress the feature to displa ythe model in its original state You can suppress and unsuppress components in assemblies as well (see Assembly Design Methods on page 52 ) When you are working on amodel with multiple features, you can roll the FeatureManager design tree back to aprior state Mo ving the rollback bar Rollback displa ys all features in the model up to the rollback state, until you rev ert the FeatureManager design tree back to its original state Rollback is useful for inserting features before other features, speeding up time to rebuild a model while editing it, or learning how amodel was built 33 SolidWorks Fundamentals 2 Parts Parts are the building blocks of ev ery SolidW orks model Each assembly and dr awing you create is made from parts This chapter includes the following topics: • Overview • Countertop • Faucet • Faucet Handle • Cabinet Door • Moldings • Hinge 34 Overview In this section, you learn about common tools for making parts in the SolidW orks softw are These tools are used for man yparts, so they are discussed in detail only the first time they appear Each section begins with the design approach for each part, including ahighlev el overview of the tools that create the part The overview pro vides an outline of the features, so you can skim those that you already understand The cabinet, waste pipe, and supply pipes used in the vanit yare not discussed in this section because they repeat the tools already presented You will see these parts in later sections Countertop The countertop is asingle part that includes asink and counter First you create the counter ,then you mak ethe sink This countertop uses sev er al common SolidW orks tools, including extrudes, a sweep ,ashell, and fillets Design Approach 3 CutExtrude 2 Extrude 1 Extrude 6 Fillet 5 Shell 4 Loft 35 Parts Create the Base Feature with an Extrude Before you create an extrude feature, you need to mak eask etch For example, this rectangular sk etch is dimensioned at 600mm x580mm The sk etch begins at the origin, the (0,0) coordinate of a2D sk etch The origin is a helpful reference point for sk etches If you begin ask etch at the origin, the sk etch position is set When you add dimensions and relations to the sk etch, itbecomes fully defined After you sk etch the rectangle, use the Extrude tool to create a3D base feature The sk etch is extruded 34mm normal to the sk etch plane This model is displa yed in an isometric view so you can see the model structure Todesign a3D model, first mak ethe 2D sk etch, then create the 3D feature 36 Parts Add an Extrude to the Base The second extrude adds material to apart bybuilding upon the base In this example, you extrude two of the countertop edges First, you create the sk etch for the extrude with the Convert Entities tool The Convert Entities tool lets you create ask etch byprojecting aset of edges onto the sk etch plane In this example, the left and upper edges are projected Next, you use the Extrude tool to create the countertop edges Remove Material with the CutExtrude The CutExtrude tool is similar to an extrude feature, ex cept that it remo ves material from the model instead of adding material First you create a2D sk etch, then you mak e the cutextrude In this example, you use the Ellipse tool to mak ean oblong sk etch When the cutextrude is complete, the countertop has an opening for the sink For alesson that includes extrude features, see the Lesson 1Parts tutorial 37 Parts Use a Loft to Make a Solid After you mak ethe cutextrude feature, you create the sink with the Loft tool A loft creates afeature bymaking transitions between two or more sk etch profiles When you create aloft, the sk etch profiles must reside on different planes (or planar faces) In this example, the loft creates the sink byconnecting an elliptical sk etch and acircular sk etch First, create ask etched ellipse on the bottom of the countertop with the Convert Entities tool This tool creates ask etch byprojecting the existing ellipse from the CutExtrude onto the bottom of the countertop Second, create anew plane, Plane1 ,byoffsetting it from the Top plane Plane1 is par allel to the Top plane Next, use the Circle tool to sk etch acircle on Plane1 Now that you ha vetwo sk etch profiles, use the Loft tool to connect them The SolidW orks softw are uses ashaded preview to illustr ate what the model will look lik ebefore you accept the feature For alesson on lofts, see the Lofts tutorial 38 Parts Shell the Part Because the loft creates asolid feature, you need to cut out material to mak ethe sink The Shell tool hollows out the sink and remo ves the top face When you shell apart in SolidW orks, selected faces are remo ved and thin faces remain on the rest of the part For alesson that includes shells, see the Lesson 1Parts tutorial Round Sharp Edges with Fillets Tocomplete the countertop ,you round off sharp edges byadding fillet features to the model When you create afillet, you set the radius to determine the smoothness of the edges It is best to sa vecosmetic fillets for the last step ,after all of the geometry is in place Models rebuild faster when fillets are made at the end of the design process Fillets are applied features, not sk etch features This means that fillets do not require you to create ask etch Instead, you select the edges of an existing feature, set the fillet radius, and create the fillet As you increase the radius, the edges or faces become rounder For alesson on fillets, see the Fillets tutorial Faucet Most parts ha veextrude and fillet features The faucet uses these tools, in addition to a sweep In the following example, asweep creates the faucet spigot 39 Parts Design Approach 2 Extrude 1 Extrude 4 Additional Extrudes and Fillets 3 Sweep 40 Parts Create the Sweep The faucet base is made from two extrude features After you create the two extrudes, the model appears as shown Sweep preview: Use the Sweep tool to mak ethe spigot by projecting aprofile along apath In this example, the profile is acircular sk etch, and the path is ask etched arc that is tangent to avertical line The circular profile remains the same shape and diameter for the entire sweep When you sk etch the profile and path, mak esure the starting point of the path lies on the same plane as the profile After you create some additional extrudes and fillets as shown, the faucet is complete Faucet Handle The faucet handle is built with two rev olv efeatures The model uses asimple design approach, although the rev olv es require detailed sk etches The Revolve tool rev olv es a 41 Parts sk etch profile around acenterline at aspecified angle In the following examples, the rev olv eangles are set to 360° Design Approach 2 Revolve 1 Revolve 3 Fillets Revolve the Sketch Create the First Revolve A rev olv ecreates the base of the handle, and completes the first feature in the faucet handle First, you create ask etch with the Line and Spline tools In some cases, you can add an axis of rev olution with the Centerline tool A centerline creates an axis that is construction geometry; it is not built into the feature You then use the Revolve tool to rotate the sk etch and create asolid feature 42 Parts Create the Second Revolve You create asecond rev olv efeature to add the faucet handle Again, you begin with ask etch, as shown, then create a3D solid with the rev olv e This sk etch uses the Line ,Tangent Arc ,and Spline tools The Revolve tool rev olv es the sk etch to gener ate asolid After you add cosmetic fillets, the faucet handle is complete For alesson on rev olv es, see the Revolves and Sweeps tutorial Cabinet Door The cabinet door uses an extrude and acutextrude to mak ethe exterior detail Design Approach 3 Chamfer 2 CutExtrude 1 Extrude 43 Parts Create Beveled Edges with the Chamfer Tool The Chamfer tool creates bev eled faces A chamfer ,lik eafillet, is an applied feature, and does not require you to mak eask etch to create the feature In this example, the face with the extruded cut has chamfered edges For more information on chamfers, see Chamfer Feature in the Help Moldings The moldings around the edges of the door use an extruded sk etch, an extruded cut, and amirror feature Only one part file is created, although there are four pieces of molding on the door With configur ations, you create the different molding lengths within one part Design Approach 2 CutExtrude 1 Extrude 4 Configurations 3 Mirror 44 Parts Design a MidPlane Extrude The molding sk etch uses amidplane extrusion Instead of extruding the sk etch in one direction, you extrude the sk etch equally in both directions perpendicular to the sk etch plane Although you do not ha veto use amidplane extrusion, itensures that you ha ve equal lengths of material on both sides of the sk etch Sketch a Profile for the CutExtrude Next, you cut the molding at a45° angle The 45° cut ensures that the molding pieces fit together accur ately When you sk etch aprofile to cut, mak ethe sk etch larger than the model so that you mak eaclean cut through the entire molding Mirror the Cut Finally ,to cut the model at the same angle on the opposite side, use the Mirror tool to mirror the original cut about the plane of symmetry Use Configurations of a Part Configur ations create multiple variations of apart within asingle part file 45 Parts When you design apart, the SolidW orks softw are automatically creates the Default configur ation In the molding that you created, the default configur ation matches the length of the shorter sides of the door Toeasily identif ythe configur ation, rename the default configur ation to short In the same document you create another configur ation and name it long This configur ation increases the length to match the longer sides of the door The SolidW orks Configur ationManager displa ys the two configur ations in the document When you doubleclick a configur ation name, the gr aphics area displa ys that configur ation Later on, you insert different configur ations of the same part into an assembly For alesson that includes mirroring and configur ations, see the Advanced Design tutorial Hinge The hinge connecting the cabinet door to the vanit yis asheet metal part By definition, sheet metal parts are constructed of uniform thickness and ha veaspecified bend radius When you design sheet metal in the SolidW orks softw are, you can use abase flange instead of an extrude to create the base of the part The base flange is the first feature in asheet metal part, and itdesignates the part as sheet metal The SolidW orks softw are has sev er al tools that are specific to sheet metal, including the tab and the hem, which you use in the hinge design 46 Parts Design Approach 2 Tab 1 Base Flange 4 Hem 3 Linear Pattern Create Sheet Metal with the Base Flange As with other base features, you first create ask etch In the hinge, you mak eask etch with the Rectangle tool The base of the hinge is an example where asimple sk etch allows for easier creation of the model Next, you use the Base Flange/Tab tool to automatically create asheet metal part Make the Tab The Tab tool adds atab to the sheet metal part The depth of the tab automatically matches the thickness of the sheet metal part The direction of the depth automatically coincides with the sheet metal part to prev ent adisjoint body 47 Parts When you mak ethe sk etch for the tab ,you sk etch on the face where you want the tab to appear You mak ethis sk etch with the Rectangle tool on the front face After you complete the sk etch, use the Base Flange/Tab tool to add the tab For more information on tabs, see Sheet Metal Tab in the help Generate the Linear Pattern Tomak etabs that span the length of the hinge, use the Linear Pattern tool to cop ythe original tab aspecified number of times The linear pattern creates multiple instances of aselected feature along alinear path When you mak ealinear pattern, you specif ythe number of instances and the distance between each tab In the hinge, there are 13 tabs separ ated by50mm This is the first piece of the hinge When you create the second piece, you change the location of the tabs so both pieces fit together For more information, see Linear Patterns in the Help 48 Parts Add the Hem A Hem is asheet metal tool that folds the edge of apart and uses the same model thickness as the base flange In this example, you add arolled hem to each tab to curl the sheet metal For alesson on sheet metal, see the Sheet Metal tutorial Alternate Design Approach Another wayto design the hinge is to build the rolled section as part of the base flange In this example, you do not need the Hem tool First, create ask etch with the Line and Tangent Arc tools Second, extrude the sk etch with the Base Flange tool Next, create the first tab with an extruded cut Finally ,use the Linear Pattern tool to create multiple cuts 49 Parts Using the Hem tool giv es you more flexibilit yifyou need to change the radius, hem type, and position 50 Parts 3 Assemblies In this section, you use the vanit ycabinet parts described and built in Parts on page 34 to build subassemblies, such as the spigot and the faucet handles Then you bring the subassemblies together to create an assembly ,the vanit y This chapter includes the following topics: • Assembly Definition • Assembly Design Methods • Prepare an Assembly • Mates • InContext Design • Load an Assembly • Examine the Assembly Assembly Definition An assembly is acollection of related parts sa ved in one SolidW orks document file with asldasm extension Assemblies: • Contain an ywhere from two to over one thousand components, which can be parts or other assemblies called subassemblies • Displa ymo vement between related parts within their degrees of freedom 51 The components in an assembly are defined in relation to each other using assembly mates You attach the assembly components using various types of mates such as coincident, concentric, and distance mates For example, the faucet handle components are mated to the faucet base component using concentric and coincident mates The mated components create the spigot subassembly Later ,you include this subassembly in the main vanit yassembly ,mating it to the other components in the vanit yassembly Assembly Design Methods You create assemblies using two basic methods: bottomup design and topdown design You can also use acombination of the two methods With either method, your objectiv e is to mate the components to create the assembly or subassembly (see Mates on page 54 ) Bottomup Design In bottomup design, you create parts, insert them into an assembly ,and mate them as required byyour design Bottomup design is the preferred technique when you use previously constructed, offtheshelf parts An adv antage of bottomup design is that because components are designed independently , their relationships and regener ation beha vior are simpler than in topdown design Working bottomup allows you to focus on the individual parts It is agood method to use ifyou do not need to create references that control the siz eor shape of parts with respect to each other Most of the vanit ycabinet uses bottomup design You create the components such as the sink and the spigot in their own part windows Then you open an assembly document, bring the components into the assembly ,and add various mates Topdown Design In topdown design, you start your work in the assembly You can use the geometry of one part to help define other parts, to create features that affect multiple parts, or to create machined features that are added only after the parts are assembled For instance, you can start with alayout sk etch or define fix ed part locations, then design the parts referencing these definitions Topdown design is also known as incontext design For example, you can insert apart in an assembly ,then build afixture based on this part Working topdown, creating the fixture in context, allows you to reference model geometry , so you can control the dimensions of the fixture bycreating geometric relations to the original part That way,ifyou change adimension of the part, the fixture is updated automatically The vanit ycabinet also uses topdown design You create the two supply pipes within the context of the assembly Then you reference the siz eand location of the faucet subassembly and the vanit ycabinet to define the supply pipes 52 Assemblies Supply pipes Prepare an Assembly Before you build an assembly ,you need to prepare the assembly components Throughout this section, you use the parts for the vanit ycabinet created in Parts on page 34 The vanit yincludes the following subassemblies: • Faucet and faucet handles • Door and moldings • Door subassembly ,cabinet, and hinge 53 Assemblies Door and moldings Faucet and faucet handles Door subassembly ,cabinet, and hinge For each subassembly document, you do the following prior to mating the components: • Load and anchor the first component to the assembly origin • Load the additional components • Mo veand position the components Mates Mates position the components in an assembly precisely with respect to each other Positioning the components defines how they mo veand rotate with respect to each other Mates create geometric relations, such as coincident, perpendicular ,and tangent Each mate is valid for specific combinations of geometry such as cones, cylinders, planes, and extrusions For example, ifyou mate acone to another cone, the valid types of mates you can use include coincident, concentric, and distance (see Coincident Mate on page 57 ) 54 Assemblies Faucet Subassembly Depending on the complexit yof the assembly (the number of separ ate components), you can open one or all of your components In the faucet example, there are only two components (the faucet and the handle), so you can tile the two documents After you open the components, you need to open anew assembly document into which you bring the components You can add more than one instance of the same part to an assembly You do not ha veto create aunique part for each component in the assembly You want to place the bottom of the handle component on the flat base of the faucet component, so the handle sits on the faucet You also need to center the handle components over the faucet stems to position them correctly Toposition the components, you apply acoincident mate and aconcentric mate Load the First Assembly Component When creating an assembly ,start with the component that does not mo vewith respect to the other components This is the component you anchor or fix to the assembly origin In the example of the faucet subassembly ,you anchor the faucet component Anchoring the first component ensures that the planes in both documents are aligned Bring the first component into the sldasm document as follows: • Select the component name in the FeatureManager design tree of the sldprt document and dr ag it into the sldasm document • Toposition the first component on the origin of the sldasm document, drop it on the origin in the gr aphics area or an ywhere in the FeatureManager design tree Dropping it in the FeatureManager design tree requires less fine mouse mo vement and will automatically align the part's origin and the assembly origin As you bring each component into the sldasm document, the component appears in the FeatureManager design tree 55 Assemblies Load the Additional Components You load the other components of the assembly byselecting the component in the FeatureManager design tree of the sldprt document, and dr agging the component into the gr aphics area of the sldasm document In the example of the faucet subassembly , you dr ag in two instances of the handle The first component you add to an assembly is fix ed in space bydefault, which is useful for mating of components It is common to choose acomponent that you wish to be fix ed; howev er,you can change which component is fix ed later First handle component added Faucet component with origin (assembly origin and component origin) Second handle component added Position the Additional Components When you bring the additional components into the assembly ,you can position them an ywhere in the gr aphics area Then you can use the left mouse button to dr ag a component closer to the first, anchored component You can use the right mouse button to rotate acomponent into the proper orientation Lea vesome space between components to view the relev ant component areas You can use the following methods to change the orientation of the components: 56 Assemblies • Middle mouse button: Rotates all components • Middle mouse button with Ctrl :Pans all components • Middle mouse wheel: Zooms all components in or out These mouse functions help select edges, faces, or other entities needed to apply mates Coincident Mate Tocreate acoincident mate between the handle component and the faucet component, attach the flat bottom face of the handles to the flat top face of the faucet Flat top face of the faucet base component Flat bottom face of the faucet handles When you apply the coincident mate, the faucet handle component mo ves closer to the faucet component Note that you can still slide the handle an ywhere along the top face of the faucet bydr agging it with the left mouse button, indicating that asecond mate is required to further define the position of the two components Concentric Mate Select an yround face on the faucet handle Then select the round face of the faucet stem (the portion of the component that slides into the counter top ,and connects to the supply pipe) 57 Assemblies Round face on the stem Round face on the faucet handle Once you apply the concentric mate between the faucet handle component and the faucet component, you can no longer mo vethe faucet handle along the top face of the faucet to shift its position You can, howev er,use the left mouse button to dr ag the faucet handle on its axis For alesson on assembly mates, see the Assembly Mates tutorial Faucet Subassembly Alternate Design Approach Another approach to mating the faucet and handle components is to use SmartMates With SmartMates, the system automatically creates some mates SmartMates are based on the entit yyou use to dr ag the component When you drag components into assemblies, you infer the geometry of existing components to create mates SmartMates automatically infer mate partners and eliminate the need to use the Mate Propert yManager There are different types of SmartMates You can use geometrybased SmartMates to create coincident mates between planar faces For example, use SmartMates to create a coincident mate between the faucet component and each of the faucet handles in the faucet subassembly Use Alt and dr ag the bottom face of the handle to create acoincident mate between the handle and faucet You can use another type of geometrybased SmartMate to create the concentric mate between the two round faces to completely define the faucet subassembly 58 Assemblies There are other types of SmartMates, including featurebased SmartMates and patternbased SmartMates For more information, see SmartMates Overview in the Help Door Subassembly The cabinet door uses coincident mates between the door component and the four molding components It also uses configur ations of the molding as atimesa ving design step Configur ations let you create multiple variations of apart or an assembly within asingle document Configur ations pro vide acon venient wayto dev elop and manage families of models with different dimensions, components, or other par ameters (see Use Configurations of a Part on page 45 ) As stated earlier ,you can use the same part more than once in an assembly Each instance of the part can also use adifferent configur ation The door subassembly uses configur ations There are four instances of the molding component Two of the instances use the short configur ation and fit across the short sides of the door The other two instances use the long configur ation Door subassembly with molding components Cabinet Subassembly The cabinet subassembly uses concentric and coincident mates It also uses adistance mate between the cabinet and one of the hinge components 59 Assemblies Distance Mate A distance mate uses avalue you assign to separ ate the two entities In the vanit ycabinet, the distance mate positions the hinge optimally ,so that itfunctions freely You determine the correct mate distance using the Measure tool By measuring the entities of different components, you can determine at what position to place the hinge so that it does not bind when you open the cabinet door Once you know the thickness of the door opening and the width of the hinge, you can position the hinge using adistance mate Measure the width of the hinge that you attach to the inside of the cabinet door opening Measure the width of the inside for the cabinet door opening Apply adistance mate, based on measurements of the cabinet and of the hinge InContext Design You can create anew part within an assembly document (in the context of an assembly) 60 Assemblies In addition to creating or editing components in their own part windows, the SolidW orks softw are lets you create or edit components in the assembly window The adv antage is that you can reference the geometry of one component to create or modif yanother component By referencing the geometry of another component, you ensure that the components fit together correctly This method of design is called topdown or incontext design because you are working in the context of the assembly In the vanit yassembly ,there are two examples of incontext design One example is the diameter of the supply pipe component and the waste pipe component The pipe components are both new parts that you create in the context of the assembly The other example is the cut feature for the holes in the back of the vanit ycabinet The vanit y cabinet is an existing part that you edit in the context of the assembly These examples are discussed in the next two sections As you create an incontext part, the softw are includes notations and options with information about the relationships in the features For more information on creating incontext components, see Creating a Part in an Assembly in the Help Create an Assembly Component InContext The diameter of the supply pipe component depends on the diameter of the faucet stem It is agood idea to create the supply pipe component in the assembly so you can reference the geometry of the faucet stem You use the Convert Entities and Offset Entities sk etch tools to reference the geometry of the faucet stem for ask etch in the supply pipe component This reference ensures that the siz eof the supply pipe changes ifyou change the siz eof the faucet stem You can use the same method to create the waste pipe component, which depends on the diameter of the exit stem at the bottom of the basin Extrude the sk etch to create the sleev e between the faucet stem and the supply pipe Use Convert Entities and Offset Entities to create the sleev ebetween the faucet stem and the supply pipe Modify a Part InContext of an Assembly The positions of the holes in the back of the vanit ycabinet depend on the length of the supply pipe and the waste pipe components It is agood idea to edit the vanit ycabinet component in the assembly so you can reference the geometry of the supply pipes and waste pipe You use the Offset Entities sk etch tool to reference the geometry of the pipes for ask etch of the cut in the vanit ycabinet component This reference ensures that 61 Assemblies the position and siz eof the holes changes ifyou change the position and siz eof the supply pipes or waste pipe Supply and waste piping after incontext cut Supply and waste piping before incontext cut Load an Assembly You can impro veperformance of large assemblies significantly byusing lightweight components After you create an assembly ,you can load it with its activ ecomponents fully resolv ed or lightweight • When acomponent is fully resolv ed, all of its model data is loaded in memory • When acomponent is lightweight, only asubset of its model data is loaded in memory The remaining model data is loaded on an asneeded basis Loading an assembly with lightweight components is faster than loading the same assembly with fully resolv ed components Lightweight components are efficient because the full model data for the components is loaded only as it is needed Assemblies with lightweight components rebuild faster because fewer details are ev aluated Howev er,mates on alightweight component are solv ed, and you can edit existing mates The vanit ycabinet is arelativ ely simple assembly ,so an yperformance gains using lightweight components are minimal Examine the Assembly The SolidW orks softw are includes various assembly tools that can displa y,test, and measure your assembly components once you apply the mates Some of the assembly tools include: Hide and Show Components You can hide or show components in the gr aphics area Hiding components often facilitates component selection when you add mates or when you create incontext parts For example, to select the inner and outer diameters of the faucet stems, you can hide all components ex cept the faucet subassembly ,and then zoom, rotate, or change the view as needed 62 Assemblies Zoom, rotate, and change the view if necessary to select the feature Hide all components ex cept the one you need Hide Components and Show Components do not affect the mates between the components They affect only the displa y Explode the Assembly An exploded view separ ates the components in an assembly to facilitate viewing Exploded views include man yoptions such as which components to include, what distances to use, and in which direction to displa ythe exploded components The exploded view is sa ved with aconfigur ation of the assembly or subassembly 63 Assemblies Detect Collisions Between Components You can detect collisions with other components when you mo veor rotate acomponent The SolidW orks softw are can detect collisions with the entire assembly or aselected group of components that mo veas aresult of mates In the faucet subassembly ,note how the faucet handles collide with the faucet You can set the Stop at collision option to determine where the components collide Collision Detection without Stop at collision activ e Notice the handle mo ves inside the faucet Normal position of handles Collision Detection with Stop at collision activ e Notice the handle cannot mo ve inside the faucet 64 Assemblies 4 Drawings Dr awings are 2D documents that con vey adesign to manufacturing This chapter includes the following topics: • Drawing Documents • Vanity Cabinet Drawing Sheet • Faucet Assembly Drawing Sheet • Vanity Assembly Drawing Sheet Drawing Documents You create dr awings from dr awing templates Within adr awing document are dr awing sheets that contain dr awing views The dr awing sheets ha veunderlying formats 65 Dr awing templates and sheet formats are two distinct entities The softw are comes with one dr awing template and aset of sheet formats (in English and metric) When you begin anew dr awing using the default dr awing template, the siz eof the dr awing is undefined The softw are prompts you to select asheet format The sheet format controls: • Siz eof the dr awing sheet • Dr awing borders • Title block • Sheet scale Drawing Templates Tostart the dr awing document, you open adr awing template Dr awing templates contain basic document information You choose from templates supplied with the SolidW orks softw are containing default dr awing sheets or templates you customiz e You can create custom dr awing templates with an yof the following char acteristics: • Dr awing sheet siz e(for example, A, B,and C) • Dr awing standard (for example, ISO and ANSI) • Units (for example, millimeters and inches) • Compan yname and logo ,author ’sname, and other information Drawing Sheets For the vanit ydr awings, adr awing template with aCsiz edr awing sheet in landscape orientation is appropriate The standard dr awing sheet formats contain borders and title blocks for the Csiz elandscape format: 66 Drawings The dr awing document for the vanit ycontains three sheets You can ha vean ynumber of dr awing sheets in adr awing document, lik easet of dr awings You can add sheets at an ytime using an yformat, regardless of the format of other sheets in the document Tabs with sheet names appear at the bottom of the gr aphics area Sheet Formats The bottom right corner of the default sheet format contains atitle block After changing the sheet scale, adding two sheets, and editing and adding notes, the title block appears as shown The scale and page numbers are link ed to system variables and updated automatically The sheet format underlies the dr awing sheet and is separ ate from the dr awing sheet You edit the sheet format separ ately from the dr awing sheet Sheet formats can contain items such as lines, note text, bitmaps, and the bill of materials anchor point You can link the notes to system properties and custom properties Drawing Views Dr awing views are placed on dr awing sheets and contain the images of the models, plus dimensions and annotations Dr awings begin with standard views From those views, you can deriv eother types of views, such as projected, section, and detail 67 Drawings For alesson on dr awing documents, inserting standard views, and adding dimensions to dr awings, see the Lesson 3Drawings tutorial For more information on document templates, dr awing sheets, and dr awing views, see the Help Vanity Cabinet Drawing Sheet The vanit ycabinet sheet contains standard 3views and named views that are gener ated from the part The views are displa yed in different modes and contain dimensions and annotations Standard Views Dr awings gener ally start with astandard 3view or some type of named view ,for example, front, top ,isometric, or exploded You can insert these views from an open part or assembly document, from afile, or from other views in the same dr awing document Standard 3 Views Standard 3views, as the name implies, comprise three views: front, top ,and right (third angle projection) or front, top ,and left (first angle projection) In third angle projection, the default front view is displa yed at the lower left In first angle projection, the front view is displa yed at the upper left First angle projection is typically used in Europe Third angle projection is typically used in the United States The example in this section uses third angle projection For more information on first and third angle projection, see First Angle and Third Angle Projection in the Help The standard 3views of the vanit ycabinet are the first views that are placed on this sheet 68 Drawings Named Views Views are named in the model documents Named views include: • Standard orientations, for example, front, top ,and isometric • Current model view • Custom named views Next, you add an isometric view of the cabinet (a named view) to the dr awing sheet You select the view orientation as you bring the view into the dr awing Projected Views Projected views are orthogr aphic projections of existing views The vanit yhas details in the back that are important to show Tocreate aback view , project the right view and place it to the right 69 Drawings View Display and Alignment You can choose various displa ymodes for dr awing views On the Vanit yCabinet sheet, the back view is displa yed with Hidden Lines Removed The standard 3views are displa yed with Hidden Lines Visible (Hidden lines appear gr ayon screen, but as dashed lines when printed) The isometric view is displa yed with Shaded With Edges Some views are aligned automatically ,but you can break the alignments Standard 3 views are aligned so that ifyou dr ag the front view ,both the top and right views mo ve with it The right view mo ves independently in the horiz ontal direction, but not vertically The top view mo ves independently in the vertical direction, but not horiz ontally Section views, projected views, and auxiliary views automatically align in the direction of the view arrows Detail views are not aligned bydefault You can align views that are not automatically aligned For example, the back view of the cabinet is aligned horiz ontally with the right view ,which is aligned with the front view by default For more information on displa ying, hiding, and aligning views, see Drawing View Alignment and Display in the Help 70 Drawings Dimensions Dimensions in aSolidW orks dr awing are associated with the model Changes in the model are reflected in the dr awing, and vice versa Typically ,you create dimensions as you create each feature in apart, then insert those dimensions into the dr awing views Changing adimension in the model updates the dr awing, and changing amodel dimension in adr awing changes the model You can also add dimensions in the dr awing document, but these are reference dimensions, and are driv en; you cannot edit the value of reference dimensions to change the model The values of reference dimensions change when the model dimensions change You can set the units (for example, millimeters or inches) and the dr awing standard (for example, ISO or ANSI) in the detailing options The vanit yis in millimeters in the ISO standard For more information about dimensions in dr awings, see Dimensions Overview in the Help Insert Model Items You use the Insert Model Items tool as a con venient wayto insert existing model dimensions into the cabinet dr awing Insert items for aselected feature, an assembly component, adr awing view ,or all views When inserted into all views (as in the example), dimensions and annotations appear in the most appropriate view Features that appear in partial views, such as detail or section views, are dimensioned in those views first Once you insert the dimensions, you can manipulate them For example, you can dr ag them into position, dr ag them to other views, hide them, or edit properties If the model contains annotations, you can also insert the annotations into dr awings by the same procedure 71 Drawings Reference Dimensions The back view on the Vanit yCabinet sheet is included to show the dimensions of the holes in the cabinet for the supply and waste pipes Reference dimensions help you to locate the holes You can choose whether to enclose reference dimensions in parentheses automatically Other types of reference dimensions include baseline dimensions and ordinate dimensions For example, you might add ordinate dimensions to the front view of the cabinet as shown You can dimension to edges, vertices, and arcs The dimensions jog automatically to avoid overlapping You can displa yordinate dimensions without the chain (the arrows between the dimension extension lines) Hole Callouts You can specif yhole callouts when creating holes in models with the Hole Wizard The Hole Wizard creates and positions holes you define for fasteners such as counterbore and countersunk screws and tap holes Hole Wizard design data, such as diameter , depth, and counterbore, becomes part of the hole callout automatically Hole callouts help you to specif ythe siz e and depth of the holes in the cabinet Hole callouts are annotations that are also dimensions These hole callouts are in the back view 72 Drawings Annotations In addition to dimensions, you can add other types of annotations to your models and dr awings to con vey manufacturing information: • Notes • Geometric toler ance symbols • Datum feature symbol • Center marks • Surface finish symbols • Datum target symbols • Weld symbols • Balloons and stack ed balloons • Blocks • Multijog leaders • Area hatches • Dowel pin symbols Most annotations can be added in part and assembly documents and inserted automatically into dr awings in the same waythat dimensions are inserted into dr awings Some annotations (center marks, multijog leaders, hole callouts, area hatch, and dowel pin symbols) are available in dr awings only For more information on annotations, see Annotations Overview in the Help Geometric Tolerance and Datum Feature Symbols Geometric toler ance symbols displa yvarious manufacturing specifications, often in conjunction with datum feature symbols as shown in the example You can insert these symbols in sk etches and in part, assembly , and dr awing documents In the right view of the cabinet, the back edge is specified with ageometric toler ance symbol as par allel to the front edge within 10mm 73 Drawings Center Marks Center marks are annotations that mark circle or arc centers and describe the geometry siz eon the dr awing In this example, center marks are added to the holes in the back view of the cabinet You can place center marks on circles or arcs Center marks can be used as reference points for dimensioning You can rotate center marks, specif ytheir siz es, and choose whether or not to displa y extended axis lines For alesson on adding deriv ed views, annotations, and exploded views to dr awings, see the Advanced Drawings tutorial Here is the completed vanit ycabinet dr awing sheet Faucet Assembly Drawing Sheet The faucet assembly dr awing sheet displa ys sev er al deriv ed views and annotations 74 Drawings Explode Lines The faucet assembly is shown in an isometric named view in its exploded configur ation Explode lines show the relationships between assembly components You add the explode lines to the assembly document in an explode line sk etch You can also jog the lines as needed The lines are displa yed in phantom line font Derived Views Deriv ed views are created from the standard views With standard 3views or anamed view in adr awing, you can create other views without going back to the model Section Views You can create asection view in adr awing bycutting the parent view with asection line A section view of the faucet in the faucet assembly dr awing shows the faucet pipe walls and connections In this example, you insert atop view of the faucet assembly as the basis for the section view There are other types of section views, such as aligned section views and brok enout section views The sectioned components automatically displa ycrosshatching You can edit the properties of the crosshatching (pattern, scale, and angle) 75 Drawings Detail Views Detail views show aportion of an orthogr aphic, 3D ,or section view ,usually at an enlarged scale The connection of the faucet is shown in a detail view The parent view is the section view Additional Drawing Views Alternate position views displa yoverla ys of two or more positions on the same view , often to show range of motion of an assembly component The overla yviews are displa yed in the dr awing in phantom lines The faucet handles are shown on the faucet assembly sheet in an alternate position view to displa ythe range of motion of the handles Other dr awing views include: A projection normal to a reference edge Auxiliary view Ev erything outside a sk etched profile remo ved Crop view Material inside aprofile remo ved to expose inner details Brokenout section Portion of along part with auniform crosssection remo ved Broken view 76 Drawings For more information about dr awing views, see Derived Drawing Views in the Help Notes and Other Annotations Notes and MultiJog Leaders The alternate position view has anote with adegree symbol In the exploded faucet view ,the note uses amultijog leader A note can be free floating, as in the first example, or pointing to an item (face, edge, or vertex) in the document, as in the second example Surface Finish Symbols You can add surface finish symbols to part, assembly ,or dr awing documents You can insert multiple symbols and multiple copies of asymbol Some of the char acteristics that you can specif yfor asurface finish symbol include type of symbol, direction of lay,roughness, production method, material remo val, and rotation The surface finish symbol attached to the faucet handle specifies acircular finish and the maximum roughness of the surface 77 Drawings Here is the completed faucet assembly dr awing sheet Vanity Assembly Drawing Sheet This dr awing sheet contains an exploded view ,abill of materials, and balloons Exploded Views Exploded views are versions of named views defined in configur ations in the assembly document This dr awing contains an exploded view of the vanit yassembly The dr awing also contains an isometric named view of the complete assembly ,unexploded, at the lower left 78 Drawings Bill of Materials A bill of materials (BOM) is atable that lists the components of an assembly along with information needed in the manufacturing process If the assembly or its components change, the BOM updates to reflect the changes When you insert aBOM, you ha veachoice of BOM templates with various columns for data such as item number ,quantit y,part number ,description, material, stock siz e, vendor number ,and weight You can also edit and sa veacustom BOM template The SolidW orks softw are populates the item number ,quantit y,and part number columns automatically The item numbers reflect the sequence in which the model was assembled You set the anchor point for the BOM in the dr awing sheet format For more information, see Bill of Materials Overview in the Help 79 Drawings Balloons and Stacked Balloons You can insert balloons in assembly and dr awing documents You can set the style, siz e, and type of information for balloons In the example, the balloons displa ythe item number corresponding to the BOM in acircle The exploded vanit yassembly includes balloons and stack ed balloons for each component The item numbers appear in the balloons automatically Stack ed balloons ha veone leader for aseries of balloons You can stack the balloons vertically or horiz ontally For alesson on bills of materials and balloons, see the Advanced Drawings tutorial Here is the completed vanit yassembly dr awing sheet 80 Drawings 5 Engineering Tasks The SolidW orks softw are contains sev er al tools to help you complete engineering tasks such as creating variations of parts and importing files from legacy CAD systems to your SolidW orks models The SolidW orks softw are is available in SolidW orks Standard, SolidW orks Professional, and SolidW orks Premium For more information on which tools are available with the different packages, see the Product Matrix (http://www solidworkscom/sw/mechanicaldesignsoftw arematrixhtm) This chapter includes the following topics: • Building Multiple Configurations of Parts • Updating Models Automatically • Importing and Exporting Files • Performing Stress Analysis • Customizing SolidWorks • Sharing Models • Creating PhotoRealistic Images of Models • Animating Assemblies • Managing SolidWorks Files • Accessing a Library of Standard Parts • Examining and Editing Model Geometry Building Multiple Configurations of Parts Design tables let you build sev er al configur ations of apart byapplying the values in the table to the dimensions of the part In Parts on page 34 ,you sa w how configur ations could be used to build two different lengths of the molding in one part file The following example illustr ates how design tables help organiz esev er al configur ations For example, you ma ywant to create multiple configur ations of the faucet handle After all, not ev ery customer wants the same handle style In the SolidW orks softw are, you can create different handle styles within one part file using adesign table This design table shows the par ameters used to create variations of the faucet handle: 81 The first column lists the different configur ation names These configur ation names describe the type of handle gener ated from the design table Giv eameaningful name for each configur ation to reduce confusion in complex parts and assemblies and to help others who use the models The next four columns show the dimension names and values When you change a dimension value in adesign table, the configur ation updates with the specified value The final column shows the suppression state of afillet feature In addition to changing dimension values, you can also change the suppression state of afeature in design tables A feature can be suppressed (S)or unsuppressed (U) The values and suppression states define each configur ation: Model view Configuration name standard_handle wide_handle tall_handle For alesson on design tables, see the Design Tables tutorial 82 Engineering Tasks Updating Models Automatically When you change amodel dimension, an ySolidW orks document that references that model also updates For example, ifyou change the length of an extrude in apart, the associated assembly and dr awing also change More specifically ,you designed the faucet to be 100mm in length for avanit ycountertop Howev er,your customer needs alonger faucet to accommodate autilit ysink You can modif ythe dimension of the faucet to mak eit an ylength, and the associated assembly and dr awing also update Revised faucet Original faucet Revised dr awing Revised assembly Loading the Latest Models You can refresh shared documents to load the latest version, including an ychanges made byone of your colleagues Suppose that you are working on aSolidW orks assembly document, and acowork er just updated one of the assembly components You can reload the revised component, and 83 Engineering Tasks the SolidW orks softw are automatically updates the assembly Reloading is easier than closing and reopening the assembly with the revised part Replacing Referenced Models You can replace areferenced document with another document from an ywhere on a network For example, consider that you are working on the faucet subassembly Mean while, another engineer in your group designs amore costeffectiv efaucet handle You can globally replace the current handles with the new ones, without ha ving to delete and replace each handle New subassembly New handle Current subassembly When you replace acomponent, mates used in the original part are applied to the replacement part wherev er possible Toensure that the mates are preserv ed, rename the corresponding edges and faces on areplacement part to match the edge and face names on the original part Importing and Exporting Files You can import and export sev er al different file formats to and from the SolidW orks softw are so you can share files amongst abroad user base Consider that your compan yworks with avendor that uses another CAD system With the SolidW orks import and export functions, you can share files between companies, allowing you more flexibilit yin the design process For alesson on importing and exporting files, see the Import/Export tutorial Recognizing Features in NonSolidWorks Parts FeatureW orks ®is an application that recogniz es features on an imported solid body in a SolidW orks part document Recogniz ed features are treated the same as features that you create in the SolidW orks softw are You can edit the definition of recogniz ed features to change their par ameters For features that are based on sk etches, you can edit the sk etches to change the geometry 84 Engineering Tasks of the features The FeatureW orks softw are is intended primarily for machined and sheet metal parts Suppose you ha velegacy step files at your compan y,and you want to use them in the SolidW orks softw are You can use the FeatureW orks softw are to recogniz eeach feature as aSolidW orks feature This way,you do not ha veto remodel the same part in the SolidW orks application For alesson on the FeatureW orks softw are, see the FeatureWorks Overview tutorial Performing Stress Analysis SolidW orks SimulationXpress pro vides an easytouse first pass stress analysis tool for SolidW orks parts SimulationXpress helps you reduce cost and timetomark et bytesting your designs on the computer instead of expensiv eand timeconsuming field tests For example, you can examine the effects of aforce applied to the faucet SimulationXpress simulates the effect of the force and pro vides displacement and stress results It also shows critical areas and safet ylev els at various regions in the faucet Based on these results, you can strengthen unsafe regions and remo vematerial from overdesigned areas For alesson on SimulationXpress, see the SolidWorks SimulationXpress tutorial Customizing SolidWorks The SolidW orks Application Progr amming Interface (API) is an OLE progr amming interface to the SolidW orks softw are The API contains thousands of functions that can be called from C#, C++, VB NET ,and VBA (for example, Microsoft ®Access ®and Microsoft Ex cel ®)or SolidW orks macro files These functions pro vide you with direct access to SolidW orks functionalit y With the API, you can customiz ethe SolidW orks application to help reduce design time For example, you can perform batch oper ations, automatically populate dr awing documents with model views or dimensions, and create your own Propert yManagers For instance, when you use an ysoftw are application, you probably set system options to customiz eyour working en vironment In the SolidW orks softw are, these options include 85 Engineering Tasks system colors, default templates, and performance settings With the API, you can set the system options without setting each one individually Instead, use the API to automatically set all of your options This way,you sa vetime byprogr amming the settings only once For more information, see the API Help ,or the API Support page on the SolidW orks Web site (wwwsolidworkscom/sw/support/apisupporthtm ) For lessons on the API, see the SolidWorks API Tutorials Sharing Models SolidW orks eDr awings ®eliminates the communication barriers that designers and engineers deal with daily You can create eDr awings files from part, assembly ,or dr awing documents, then email these eDr awings files to others for instant viewing For example, ifyou work with aclient in aremote location, you might need to send a model for their appro val Oftentimes, the file siz eis too big to send through email Howev er,ifyou sa veyour SolidW orks model as an eDr awings file, you can send amuch smaller version of the file to your client You view eDr awings files with the eDr awings Viewer that you can download from the SolidW orks Web site for free, or you can embed the eDr awings Viewer in the eDr awings file eDr awings files ha vethe following features: Send eDr awings files through email Substantially smaller in siz e than the original files, eDr awings mak es it pr actical to send files via email, ev en over slow connections Ultra Compact Files View eDr awings files immediately An yone with aWindowsbased or Macintosh computer can view eDr awings No additional CAD Builtin Viewer softw are is required You can embed the eDr awings Viewer when you email an eDr awings file eDr awings files are also significantly easier to understand than standard 2D dr awings The following features help you overcome common barriers for effectiv e2D dr awing communication: Open individual views in adr awing and arr ange them in an yway you desire, regardless of how the views were arr anged in the Layouts original dr awing La youts enable the eDr awings recipient to print and export an ysubset of adr awing Na vigate through views automatically ,eliminating searches for views or details Click the view annotation, and the section view or detail is immediately added to your layout Hyperlinking Identif yand match geometry in multiple views The 3D Pointer helps orient you when you check features in multiple views 3D Pointer Create animation sequences of eDr awings views Animation Displa ySolidW orks Simulation and SolidW orks SimulationXpress data, when available, in eDr awings part or assembly files SolidWorks Simulation Data 86 Engineering Tasks The optional eDr awings Professional version pro vides the following additional capabilities: Create crosssection views with avariet yof planes to fully examine amodel Cross Sections Mark up files using clouds, text, or geometric elements The markup elements are inserted as comments in the file Markup Measure the distance between entities or measure dimensions in part, assembly ,and dr awing documents Measure Mo vecomponents in an assembly or dr awing file Move Components View animations created with SolidW orks ®Animator and observ ein real time how mo ving parts inter act as true solids SolidWorks Animator Output Sa veSolidW orks configur ation data and see the configur ations in the eDr awings Viewer Configurations Sa veSolidW orks exploded view information and see the exploded views in the eDr awings Viewer Exploded Views Crosssection view of the vanit ywith dimensions and comments For alesson on the eDr awings softw are, see the SolidWorks eDrawings tutorial Creating PhotoRealistic Images of Models PhotoView 360 lets you create photorealistic rendered images directly from SolidW orks models In the SolidW orks softw are, you specif ymodel appear ances, scenes, and lighting Then use PhotoView 360 to render the model Examples of models rendered in PhotoView 360: 87 Engineering Tasks For more information on PhotoView 360, see PhotoView 360 in the Help Animating Assemblies You can create animated motion studies to capture the motion of SolidW orks assemblies in avi files By incorpor ating Appear ances and RealView Gr aphics, you can produce photorealistic animations Suppose that your compan yis at acon vention with competing companies Tostand out from the competition, you can create avi files that animate your products This way, your customers can see avanit ydoor open and close, or faucet handles mo ve Animation helps your customers visualiz emodels in arealworld situation You can create rotated animations, exploded view animations, or collapsed view animations You can also import assembly motion from other types of motion studies For alesson on animated motion studies, see the Animation tutorial Managing SolidWorks Files SolidW orks Explorer is afile management tool designed to help you accomplish tasks such as renaming, replacing, and cop ying SolidW orks documents SolidW orks Explorer lets you: • View document dependencies for dr awings, parts, and assemblies, in atree structure • Cop y,rename, or replace referenced documents You ha vethe option to find and update references to documents • View data and previews or input data, according to the activ efunction For example, consider that you want to rename the countertop part from countertopsldprt to countertop_with_sinksldprt If you rename the part in: An ySolidW orks document that references countertopsldprt (such as the vanit yassembly) does not recogniz ethat the part Windows Explorer name changed Therefore, the SolidW orks softw are cannot find the renamed part, and it does not appear in the assembly 88 Engineering Tasks The SolidW orks softw are recogniz es that you renamed the part An ydocument that references the part updates accordingly with the new name SolidWorks Explorer Accessing a Library of Standard Parts SolidW orks Toolbo xincludes alibr ary of standard parts that are integr ated with the SolidW orks softw are Select the standard and the type of part you want to insert, then dr ag the component into your assembly For example, when you attach the hinge to the vanit ycabinet or when you fasten the waste pipe to the sink, you can use standard screws and washers included in SolidW orks Toolbo x This way,you do not ha veto mak eadditional parts to complete the vanit y assembly You can customiz ethe SolidW orks Toolbo xlibr ary of parts to include your compan y's standards or to include those parts that you refer to most frequently You can also mak e acop yof SolidW orks Toolbo xparts, then edit them as needed Solidworks Toolbo xsupports sev er al international standards including ANSI, BSI, CISC, DIN, ISO ,and JIS Additionally ,SolidW orks Toolbo xhas sev er al engineering tools: 89 Engineering Tasks Performs deflection and stress calculations on structur al steel cross sections Beam Calculator Performs bearing calculations to determine capacit yratings and basic life values Bearing Calculator Creates cams with fullydefined motion paths and follower types The cam can be either circular or linear with 14 motion types from which to choose You can also set how the track for the follower is cut, either as ablind cut or acut through the entire cam Cams Creates industry standard Oring and retaining ring groo ves to your cylindrical model Grooves Brings the crosssection sk etch of a structur al steel beam into apart The sk etch is fullydimensioned to match industry standard siz es You can extrude the sk etch in the SolidW orks softw are to create the beam Structural Steel For alesson on SolidW orks Toolbo x, see the Toolbox tutorial Examining and Editing Model Geometry SolidW orks Utilities is aset of tools that lets you examine and edit individual parts, and compare the features and solid geometry of pairs of parts For example, ifyou and acowork er design two similar types of faucet handles, you can use the Compare Features utilit yto compare the parts This utilit yidentifies the unique features of each part so you can collabor ate and decide on the best design methods Then, you can identif ythe most efficient designs and combine them in one model SolidW orks Utilities includes the following tools: Compare • Compare Documents Compares the properties of two SolidW orks documents (including two configur ations of the same model) You can 90 Engineering Tasks compare two documents of the same or different types For example, this utilit yidentifies differences in file and document properties • Compare Features Compares features of two parts and finds identical, modified, and unique features • Compare Geometry Compares two parts to find their geometric differences This utilit yidentifies unique and modified faces in both parts It also computes the common volume of the two parts (or assemblies) and the volume of material added and remo ved • Compare BOMs Compares bill of material (BOM) tables from two SolidW orks assembly or dr awing documents The results list missing columns and rows, extr acolumns and rows, and failed rows Copies feature par ameters (such as depth and siz e) from one feature to others that you select Feature Paint Finds and replaces text in avariet yof annotations for part, assembly ,and dr awing documents Find and Replace Annotations Finds aset of features in apart that satisfies specified par ameter conditions so you can edit them in batch mode Find/Modify Identifies geometric entities in apart that could cause aproblem in other applications such as finite element modeling or Geometry Analysis computeraided machining This utilit yidentifies the following categories of geometric entities: sliv er faces, small faces, short edges, knife (sharp) edges and vertices, and discontinuous edges and faces Selects all the entities (edges, loops, faces, or features) in apart that meet the criteria that you define You can specif ycriteria Power Select for edge con vexit y,edge angle, face color ,feature color ,feature type, feature name, and surface type Manages reports gener ated from the Geometry Analysis , Compare Geometry ,Compare Features ,Compare Report Manager Documents ,Compare BOMs ,Symmetry Check ,and Thickness Analysis utilities Creates simplified configur ations of apart or assembly for analysis Simplify Checks parts for geometrically symmetric faces Symmetry Check Determines thin and thick regions of apart It also determines the thickness of apart within aspecified range of values Thickness Analysis For alesson on SolidW orks Utilities, see the SolidWorks Utilities tutorial 91 Engineering Tasks A StepbyStep Lesson This chapter includes the following topics: • Getting Ready for the Lesson • Creating a Box • Creating a Lid for the Box • Putting the Box and Lid Together • Creating a Drawing Getting Ready for the Lesson Before you begin this lesson, itis helpful to know how to access the SolidW orks softw are's tools Man yof the tools you use are accessible in three ways: • Menus • Toolbars • CommandManager These tools are context sensitiv e, which means that menu items are gr ayed out ifthe tools are not available for your current task Sometimes, the tools do not appear at all, so it is helpful to know which toolbar you use to access them For more information, see Menus in the Help The following table lists the tools you use in the lesson and their locations on menus, toolbars, and the CommandManager 92 CommandManager Toolbar Menu Icon Tool Menu Bar Standard File > New New Menu Bar Standard File > Save Save Menu Bar Standard Tools > Options Options Sk etch Sk etch Insert > Sketch Sketch Sk etch Sk etch Tools > Dimensions > Smart Smart Dimension Sk etch Sk etch Tools > Sketch Entities > Rectangle Rectangle Features Features Insert > Boss/Base > Extrude Extruded Boss/Base Features Features Insert > Features > Shell Shell Assembly Assembly Insert > Component > Existing Part/Assembly Insert Components Assembly Assembly Insert > Mate Mate Creating a Box The first part you create is abo x Opening a New Part A part is the basic building block in the SolidW orks softw are In this procedure, you open anew part document where you will build amodel 93 1 Click New (Standard toolbar) or File > New 2 In the New SolidW orks Document dialog bo x, click Part and click OK A new part document opens Setting the Drafting Standard and Units Before you begin modeling, you set the dr afting standard and unit of measurement for the part 1 Click Options (Standard Toolbar) or Tools > Options 2 In the System Options Gener al dialog bo x, select the Document Properties tab 3 In Overall drafting standard ,select ISO 4 On the left pane, click Units 5 Under Unit system ,select MMGS to set the unit of measurement to millimeter , gr am, second 6 Click OK Sketching a Rectangle You use ask etch to construct the basic outline of the part The sk etch is in 2D Later , when you extrude the sk etch, it becomes a3D model 1 Click Corner Rectangle (Sk etch toolbar) or Tools > Sketch Entities > Rectangle • The softw are enters sk etch mode • The Front ,Top ,and Right planes are visible • The Propert yManager opens at the left and prompts you to select aplane on which to sk etch the rectangle • The pointer changes to to indicate that you can select aplane 94 2 Click the Front plane The pointer changes to to indicate that you can now dr aw the rectangle 3 Starting an ywhere, click, then dr ag the pointer to create arectangle 4 Click to complete the rectangle It does not matter what siz eyou mak ethe rectangle; you can dimension it later You ma ysee four symbols: These symbols are called sk etch relations In the rectangular sk etch, they indicate where lines are vertical and horiz ontal The current view is isometric, which mak es the rectangle appear sk ewed To see the rectangle normal to (str aight on), press the spacebar In the Orientation dialog bo x, doubleclick Normal To Instead of exiting sk etch mode, you keep the sk etch open so you can dimension the rectangle in the next set of steps 95 Dimensioning the Sketch Now that you ha veask etched rectangle, you need to dimension it byadding measurements You can use the Smart Dimension tool to dimension the rectangle If you had exited sk etch mode in the previous procedure, you would ha veto reenter sk etch mode to dimension the sk etch 1 Click Smart Dimension (Dimensions/R elations toolbar) or Tools > Dimensions > Smart The pointer changes to 2 Select the top horiz ontal line in the rectangle A dimension appears 3 Dr ag the dimension up and click to place it 4 In the Modif ydialog bo x, type 100 and click 5 Repeat steps 2through 4for the right vertical line in the rectangle 6 In the upper right corner of the window in the Confirmation Corner ,click the sk etch icon exit sk etch mode Extruding the Sketch After dimensioning the 2D sk etch, you can extrude it to mak ea3D solid model 1 Click Extruded Boss/Base (Features toolbar) or Insert > Boss/Base > Extrude • If the sk etch is selected, the BossExtrude Propert yManager appears and apreview of the extrude appears • If the sk etch is not selected, the Extrude Propert yManager appears and indicates that you need to select ask etch 96 2 If the Extrude Propert yManager appears, select the sk etch byclicking an yline in the square Otherwise, go to the next step A preview of the extrude appears 3 In the Propert yManager: a) Set Depth to 100 b) Click The 2D sk etch changes to a3D model Creating a Hollow Model In this procedure, you use the Shell tool to create ahollow bo x 1 Click Shell (F eatures toolbar) or Insert > Features > Shell 2 In the Shell Propert yManager ,under Parameters ,set Thickness to 5 3 In the gr aphics area, select the face as shown: 97 Face<1> appears in the Propert yManager under Faces to Remove 4 Click The bo xis hollow with walls that are 5mm thick The bo xis complete Saving the Part 1 Click Save (Standard toolbar) or File > Save 2 In the Sa veAs dialog bo x: a) In Save in ,browse to the location where you want to sa vethe document b) For File name ,type box c) Click Save The part is sa ved as boxsldprt 3 Keep the part open Creating a Lid for the Box You created the first part, abo x Now you need to create asecond part to mak ealid for the bo x Opening a New Part 1 Click New (Standard toolbar) or File > New 2 In the New SolidW orks Document dialog bo x, click Part and click OK A new part document opens 98 Setting the Drafting Standard and Units Before you begin modeling, you set the dr afting standard and unit of measurement for the part 1 Click Options (Standard Toolbar) or Tools > Options 2 In the System Options Gener al dialog bo x, select the Document Properties tab 3 In Overall drafting standard ,select ISO 4 On the left pane, click Units 5 Under Unit system ,select MMGS to set the unit of measurement to millimeter , gr am, second 6 Click OK Sketching a Rectangle The lid for the bo xis shaped lik easquare In this procedure, you sk etch arectangle Later you can dimension it to fit the bo x 1 Click Corner Rectangle (Sk etch toolbar) or Tools > Sketch Entities > Rectangle The Propert yManager prompts you to select aplane on which to sk etch the rectangle 2 Click the Front plane 3 Click, then dr ag the pointer to create arectangle 4 Click to complete the rectangle 99 Dimensioning the Sketch Now that you ha veask etched rectangle, you need to dimension it so it has the proper measurements 1 Click Smart Dimension (Dimensions/R elations toolbar) or Tools > Dimensions > Smart The pointer changes to 2 Select the top horiz ontal line in the rectangle A dimension appears 3 Dr ag the dimension upw ards and click to place it 4 In the Modif ydialog bo x, type 100 and click 5 Repeat steps 2through 4for the right vertical line in the rectangle 6 In the upper right corner of the window in the Confirmation Corner ,click the sk etch icon Sk etch mode is turned off Extruding the Sketch After dimensioning the 2D sk etch, you can extrude it to mak ea3D solid model 1 Click Extruded Boss/Base (Features toolbar) or Insert > Boss/Base > Extrude Depending on what is selected in the gr aphics area, the following occurs: • If the sk etch is selected, the BossExtrude Propert yManager appears and apreview of the extrude appears • If the sk etch is not selected, the Extrude Propert yManager appears and indicates that you need to select ask etch 100 2 If the Extrude Propert yManager appears, select the sk etch byclicking an yline in the square Otherwise, go to the next step A preview of the extrude appears 3 In the gr aphics area, click the handle (arrow) and dr ag it until you reach 10 on the scale, then click in the Propert yManager The 2D sk etch changes to a3D model Creating a Lip on the Cover Toensure that the co ver fits tightly on the bo x, you create alip on the co ver using another extrude 101 1 Press the spacebar or click View > Modify > Orientation 2 In the Orientation dialog bo x, doubleclick *Front The co ver is rotated so the front is visible 3 Click Corner Rectangle (Sk etch toolbar) or Tools > Sketch Entities > Rectangle 4 In the gr aphics area, select the face as shown: 5 Sk etch arectangle on the face It does not matter what siz eyou mak ethe rectangle; you can dimension it later Dimensioning the Sketch You need to dimension the rectangle so it has the proper measurements 1 Click Smart Dimension (Dimensions/R elations toolbar) or Tools > Dimensions > Smart 102 The pointer changes to 2 In the gr aphics area: a) Select the top horiz ontal line in the rectangle b) Select the top edge of the extrude A dimension appears 3 Dr ag the dimension upw ards and click to place it 4 In the Modif ydialog bo x, type 2and click 5 Repeat steps 2through 4for the rest of the sk etch: 103 6 In the upper right corner of the window in the Confirmation Corner ,click the sk etch icon Sk etch mode is turned off Extruding the Sketch After dimensioning the 2D sk etch, you can extrude it to mak ealip for the lid 1 Press the spacebar or click View > Modify > Orientation 2 In the Orientation dialog bo x, doubleclick *Isometric The co ver is rotated 3 Click Extruded Boss/Base (Features toolbar) or Insert > Boss/Base > Extrude 4 In the gr aphics area, select the sk etch byclicking an yline in the square 104 5 In the gr aphics area, click the handle (arrow) and dr ag it until you reach 5on the scale, then click in the Propert yManager The 2D sk etch changes to 3D The lid is complete Saving the Part 1 Click Save (Standard toolbar) or File > Save 2 In the Sa veAs dialog bo x: a) In Save in ,browse to the location where you want to sa vethe document b) For File name ,type lid c) Click Save 105 The part is sa ved as lidsldprt 3 Keep the part open Putting the Box and Lid Together An assembly is acollection of part documents The part documents become “components” in the assembly ,in this case, the bo xand lid Opening a New Assembly In this procedure, you open anew assembly document where you will insert the bo xand lid models 1 Click New (Standard toolbar) or File > New 2 In the New SolidW orks Document dialog bo x, click Assembly and click OK Anew assembly document opens, and the Begin Assembly Propert yManager appears Inserting Parts into the Assembly An assembly is acollection of parts In this procedure, you insert the bo xand lid into the assembly ,where they become components in the assembly 1 In the Begin Assembly Propert yManager ,under Part/Assembly to Insert ,select box The part appears in the gr aphics area and the pointer changes to 2 In the gr aphics area, click to place the part in the assembly The part mo ves to the center of the gr aphics area 106 3 Click Insert Components (Assembly toolbar) or Insert > Component > Existing Part/Assembly 4 In the Insert Component Propert yManager ,under Part/Assembly to Insert ,select lid 5 In the gr aphics area, click to place the part in the assembly The part appears in the gr aphics area It is OK ifthe parts overlap Moving a Component When you insert components into an assembly ,you ma ywant to mo vethem so they do not overlap By mo ving the components, it is easier to select them when you mate the components 1 Click Move Component (Assembly toolbar) or Tools > Component > Move The Mo veComponent Propert yManager appears and the pointer changes to 2 Dr ag the lid component to the right of the bo x If you try to dr ag the bo xcomponent, you are warned that the component is fix ed and cannot be mo ved By default, the first part in an assembly is fix ed in position 107 3 Click Rotating a Component Toalign the components before you mate them, you can rotate them so they are in the proper orientation By aligning the components, itis easier for you to select faces during the mate process 1 Click the Move Component arrow (Assembly toolbar) and click Rotate Component or click Tools > Component > Rotate The Rotate Component Propert yManager appears and the pointer changes to 2 Click the lid and rotate it appro ximately as shown The lip should be in the back After rotating Before rotating 3 Click The assembly appears as shown: 108 Mating the Components Mates create geometric relationships between components As you add mates, you define the allow able mo vement of the components 1 Click Mate (Assembly toolbar) or Insert > Mate The Mate Propert yManager appears 2 Select the highlighted faces on each component Click Zoom In/Out (Headsup View toolbar) or View > Modify > Zoom In/Out to help you select the faces if necessary When you select the second face: • The most logical mate is applied to the faces In this case, the softw are mak es the faces coincident • In the Propert yManager ,under Standard Mates ,Coincident is selected • The Mate popup toolbar appears with Coincident selected 109 After mating Before mating 3 Click The mate is applied, but the Propert yManager remains open so you can add more mates 4 Select the highlighted faces on each component Use Rotate View byclicking View > Modify > Rotate to help you select the back face of the lip on lidsldprt : Back face of lip on lidsldprt Front face of boxsldprt A coincident mate is applied to the faces After mating Before mating 5 Click 6 Select the highlighted faces on each component: 110 A coincident mate is applied to the faces, and the lid fits into the bo x 7 Click twice Saving the Assembly 1 Click Save (Standard toolbar) or File > Save 2 In the dialog bo x: a) In Save in ,browse to the location where you want to sa vethe document b) For File name ,type box_with_lid c) Click Save The assembly is sa ved as box_with_lidsldasm 3 Keep the assembly open Creating a Drawing You can create 2D dr awings of the 3D solid parts and assemblies you design Parts, assemblies, and dr awings are link ed documents; an ychanges that you mak eto the part or assembly change the dr awing document Opening a New Drawing 1 Click New (Standard toolbar) or File > New 2 In the New SolidW orks Document dialog bo x, click Drawing and click OK The Sheet Format/Siz edialog bo xappears where you can set the dr awing sheet par ameters 3 In the list, select A3 (ISO) and click OK 111 A new dr awing document opens 4 If the Model View Propert yManager appears, click to close it Setting the Drafting Standard and Units Before you begin the dr awing, you set the dr afting standard and unit of measurement for the document 1 Click Options (Standard Toolbar) or Tools > Options 2 In the dialog bo x, select the Document Properties tab 3 In the Document Properties Dr afting Standard dialog bo x, in Overall drafting standard ,select ISO 4 On the left pane, click Units 5 In the Document Properties Units dialog bo x, under Unit system ,select MMGS to set the unit of measurement to millimeter ,gr am, second 6 Click OK Inserting Standard 3 Views The Standard 3View tool creates three related orthogr aphic views of apart or assembly 1 Click Standard 3View (Dr awing toolbar) or Insert > Drawing View > Standard 3 View 2 In the Standard 3View Propert yManager ,under Part/Assembly to Insert ,select box 3 Click The standard 3views of boxsldprt appear in the dr awing The views use the front, top ,and left orientations 112 Inserting an Isometric Model View When you insert amodel view ,you can choose the view orientation that you want to displa yIn this procedure, you insert an isometric model view of the assembly 1 Click Model View (Dr awing toolbar) or Insert > Drawing View > Model 2 In the Model View Propert yManager ,under Part/Assembly to Insert ,select box_with_lid 3 Click The dr awing view is attached to the pointer ,but do not place it yet 4 In the Propert yManager: a) Under Orientation ,click *Isometric b) Under Display Style ,click Shaded With Edges 5 In the gr aphics area, click in the lower right corner of the sheet to place the dr awing view 6 Click Dimensioning the Drawing In this procedure, you use autodimensioning to add dimensions to adr awing view 1 Click Smart Dimension (Dimensions/R elations toolbar), or Tools > Dimensions > Smart 2 In the Dimension Propert yManager: a) Select the Autodimension tab b) Under Entities to Dimension ,click Selected entities c) Under Horizontal Dimensions ,select Above view d) Under Vertical Dimensions ,select Left of view 113 3 In the gr aphics area, in the front view ,click in the space between the dr awing view border (dotted line) and the dr awing view as shown: In the dr awing view ,the leftmost vertical edge turns pink and the bottom edge turns purple These colors correspond to the colors in the Propert yManager under Horizontal Dimensions and Vertical Dimensions : 4 In the Propert yManager ,click The dr awing view is dimensioned Dr ag adimension to mo veit The dr awing appears as: 114 115 B Exercises There are no stepb ystep procedures for these ex ercises Howev er,you can access the finished parts, assemblies, and dr awings at install_dir \samples\introsw This chapter includes the following topics: • Covered Can • Bolt, Washer, and Nut Covered Can This ex ercise helps you to use basic tools and concepts bycreating acan, lid, and dr awing Create the parts, assembly ,and dr awing using the giv en information 116 Can: R5 is the fillet radius Lid: Assembly: 117 Dr awing: • Two model views of the lid • One model view of the cylinder Bolt, Washer, and Nut This ex ercise helps you to use basic tools and concepts bycreating abolt, washer ,nut, and dr awing Create the parts, assembly ,and dr awing using the giv en information 118 Bolt: Washer: Nut: 119 Assembly: Dr awing: 120

------------- Read More -------------

Download introduction-to-solidworks-pdf.pdf

Introduction to SolidWorks (PDF) related documents

Reinforcement Learning: An Introduction - BSTU Laboratory of

398 Pages · 2005 · 5.23 MB · English

Book 1.2 Examples 1.3 Elements of Reinforcement Learning 1.4 An Extended Example: Tic-Tac-Toe 1.5 Summary 1.6 History of Reinforcement Learning

Some experiments in-situ and in laboratory to determine the physico-mechanical properties of coal

18 Pages · 2009 · 335 KB · English

A number of simple field and laboratory studies and tests were carried out to visualize the nature and variation extent of mechanical properties with emphasis on cuttability across CI coal seam in Parvadel mine of Tabas located in east of Iran. Selection of the suitable coal winning machines and of

I just wanted to let you know that our first session was a great

2 Pages · 2004 · 108 KB · English

I just wanted to let you know that our first session was a great I found the attached article at ask jeeves for kids. It was written for lower elementary.

W163 body electrical Part-4.pdf

50 Pages · 2013 · 1.76 MB · English

Cover the floor covering behind the front seat to avoid contamination. 4. Detach connector (2) and antenna plug (4) from the. E-call control module.

Net to Gross Conversion Factors

8 Pages · 2016 · 156 KB · English

Gross Square Feet (BGSF); a second factor is applied to the total sum of the DGSF of all Corrected chapter number for Pediatric Clinic from 330 to 

Preuzmi pdf verziju broja 81

92 Pages · 2017 · 23.81 MB · Croatian

uzanirn snagama Republike Hrvatske je potrebna rnodernizacija ne tehnike. To se temelji na cinjenicama zastarjelosti vojne inike, [strosenosti te nepopunjenosti glavnim borbenim sredstvirna. Osim toga, vojna tehnika istocnoq drijetla nije kompatibilna NATO standardima sto ce otezatl interoperabilno

Public Comments Oct15-Mar16.pdf

36 Pages · 2016 · 300 KB · English

Houston Heights Historic Districts Design Guidelines: Comments Received October 2015-March 2016. 2. DATE. COMMENT. RESPONSE.

Guide to Obtaining an Arkansas Driver’s License

3 Pages · 2009 · 35 KB · English

Guide to Obtaining an Arkansas Driver’s License THIS GUIDE IS CREATED BY ISS TO HELP YOU. PLEASE VERIFY THE ACCURACY OF THE It is important to study the

Unconventional PINK1 localization to the outer membrane of depolarized mitochondria drives ...

15 Pages · 2015 · 9.77 MB · English

for OMM localization, whereas mitochondrial translocase Tom40 (also known as TOMM40) and an (Deas et al., 2011; Greene et al., 2012; Jin et al., 2010; Meissner et al., 2011). Graham, R. L., Hess, S. and Chan, D. C. (2011).

The Application of Response Control Design Using Middle-Story Isolation System to High-Rise ...

15 Pages · 2002 · 2.27 MB · English

Thus, in order to build flexible structure, reduction of seismic response shear force is indispensable, and it is common to adopt a certain seismic response control system. In the case of this building, because there is not structural frame suitable for arranging the response control element on eac