Haematology and Serum Biochemistry Parameters and Variations in the Eurasian Beaver

Haematology and Serum Biochemistry Parameters and Variations in the Eurasian Beaver

13 Pages · 2015 · 235 KB · English

Haematology parameters (N = 24) and serum biochemistry parameters (N = 35) were deter- mined for wild and ferrets 4th edition. Quedgeley 

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RESEARCH ARTICLE Haematology and Serum Biochemistry Parameters and Variations in the Eurasian Beaver (Castor fiber) Simon J Girling 1*, Roisin CampbellPalmer 2,3, Romain Pizzi 1, Mary A Fraser 4, Jonathan Cracknell 5, Jon Arnemo 6,7, Frank Rosell 3 1Veterinary Department, Living Collection, Royal Zoological Society of Scotland, Edinburgh, United Kingdom,2Faculty of Arts and Sciences, Department of Environmental and Health Studies, Telemark University College, Bøi Telemark, Norway,3Conservation Programmes, Royal Zoological Society of Scotland, Edinburgh, United Kingdom,4School of Life, Sport and Social Science, Edinburgh Napier University, Sighthill Campus, Edinburgh, United Kingdom,5Longleat Safari and Adventure Park, Longleat, Warminster, Wiltshire, United Kingdom,6Department of Forestry and Wildlife Management, Faculty of Applied Ecology and Agricultural Sciences, Hedmark University College, Campus Evenstad, Koppang, Norway,7Department of Wildlife, Fish and Environmental Studies, Faculty of Forest Sciences, Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, Umeå, Sweden *[email protected] Abstract Haematology parameters (N = 24) and serum biochemistry parameters (N = 35) were deter mined for wild Eurasian beavers (Castor fiber), between 6 months–12 years old Of the population tested in this study, N = 18 Eurasian beavers were from Norway and N = 17 origi nating from Bavaria but now living extensively in a reserve in England All blood samples were collected from beavers via the ventral tail vein All beavers were chemically restrained using inhalant isoflurane in 100% oxygen prior to blood sampling Results were determined for haematological and serum biochemical parameters for the species and were compared between the two different populations with differences in means estimated and significant differences being noted Standard blood parameters for the Eurasian beaver were deter mined and their ranges characterised using percentiles Whilst the majority of blood param eters between the two populations showed no significant variation, haemoglobin, packed cell volume, mean cell haemoglobin and white blood cell counts showed significantly great er values (p<001) in the Bavarian origin population than the Norwegian; neutrophil counts, alpha 2 globulins, cholesterol, sodium: potassium ratios and phosphorus levels showed sig nificantly (p<005) greater values in Bavarian versus Norwegian; and potassium, bile acids, gamma globulins, urea, creatinine and total calcium values levels showed significantly (p<005) greater values in Norwegian versus Bavarian relict populations No significant dif ferences were noted between male and female beavers or between sexually immature (<3 years old) and sexually mature (3 years old) beavers in the animals sampled With Eur asian beaver reintroduction encouraged by legislation throughout Europe, knowledge of baseline blood values for the species and any variations therein is essential when assess ing their health and welfare and the success or failure of any reintroduction program This is PLOS ONE | DOI:101371/journalpone0128775 June 12, 20151/13 OPEN ACCESS Citation:Girling SJ, CampbellPalmer R, Pizzi R, Fraser MA, Cracknell J, Arnemo J, et al (2015) Haematology and Serum Biochemistry Parameters and Variations in the Eurasian Beaver (Castor fiber) PLoS ONE 10(6): e0128775 doi:101371/journal pone0128775 Academic Editor:Cédric Sueur, Institut Pluridisciplinaire Hubert Curien, FRANCE Received:February 16, 2015 Accepted:April 30, 2015 Published:June 12, 2015 Copyright:© 2015 Girling et al This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited Data Availability Statement:All relevant data are within the paper and its Supporting Information files Funding:The authors received no specific funding for this work Longleat Safari and Adventure Park provided support in the form of salaries for authors [JC], but did not have any additional role in the study design, data collection and analysis, decision to publish, or preparation of the manuscript The specific roles of these authors are articulated in the‘author contributions’section the first study to produce baseline blood values and their variations for the Eurasian beaver Introduction Eurasian beavers (Castor fiber) are large (adults>20 kg), herbivorous, semiaquatic, territorial, monogamous rodents that live in small family groups and reach sexual maturity around 3 years of age [1] The Eurasian beaver was previously widespread throughout fresh water habi tats of Europe and Asia [2] However, by the 20 thcentury the species had been reduced to ap proximately 1,200 individuals in eight isolated populations, largely through hunting [3–5] Conservation efforts, including hunting bans

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