Global Psychology & 5 Minds for the Future

Global Psychology & 5 Minds for the Future

79 Pages · 2011 · 11.52 MB · English

(speculated about the nature of the world to be in harmony with the nature, according to Taoism.) Engaging in debate and researcher's values on the research project. (e.g., environmental activists vs. business leaders) psychology helps nurture the development of the . IUPsyS and IAAP.

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Created by Dr Joanne Hsu Global Psychology and Five Minds for the Future Presented by Chiehwen (Joanne) Lai Hsu, PhD Psi Beta – HCC Chapter Spring 2009 Initiation Ceremony April 23, 2009 Created by Dr Joanne Hsu Globalization of Psychology  U S traditional psychology has been considered “the mainstream psychology” in the world since the end of WWII (1945)  In the past two decades, the process of globalization (economic, political, social, and technology development) has “flattened” and “shrunk” the world, and has created many new challenges and opportunities at a global scale (Friedman, 2006) Created by Dr Joanne Hsu Globalization of Psychology  Since 1990, there is a tremendous worldwide growth in psychology, especially in regions outside US (eg, Europe, Asia, South America, etc) and the trend continues (Hogan & Vaccaro, 2007; Stevens & Wedding, 2004)  Despite the dominant global influence of the US traditional mainstream psychology, it has limited usefulness in addressing the global problems and various regional issues around the world (Arnett, 2008) Created by Dr Joanne Hsu Globalization of Psychology  Various alternative psychologies emerging around the world reflect the paradigmatic adjustments in psychology and a need for a new global or international perspective in psychology (Moghaddam, Erneling, Montero, & Lee, 2007)  Psychology education and training therefore needs to be “internationalized” to reflect the growing research literature around the world, to address global issues and concerns, and to build global competence in new generations of psychologists (Marsella, 2007) Created by Dr Joanne Hsu Geography of Thought : How and Why Asians and Westerns Think Differently Richard E Nisbett (2003), in his book “Geography of Thought”, summarized and presented empirical evidence to show how contemporary Eastern Asians (eg, Chinese, Japanese, Koreans) and European Americans have different thinking patterns and worldviews He argued that these differences can be traced back to the Ancient philosophical traditions Created by Dr Joanne Hsu Geography of Thought : How and Why Asians and Westerns Think Differently Ancient Greek Tradition Ancient Chinese Tradition Sense of personal agency (One is in charge of one’s life and free to act as one chooses Each individual is unique with distinctive attributes and goals) Sense of collective agency (One is a part of a large, complex, and hierarchical social group Social harmony is utmost important, achievable by following Confucian ethics) Great intellectual curiosity (speculated about the nature of the world, constructed models by categorizing objects and events and generating rules about them for systematic description and explanation) Concerned about practicality (focused on practical inventions and technologies discouraged abstract speculation, theorizing, and scientific investigation Trying to follow “the way” to be in harmony with the nature, according to Taoism) Focus on the object in isolation (analytical, attributes, simplistic)Perceive object in the context (holistic, relationships) Created by Dr Joanne Hsu Geography of Thought : How and Why Asians and Westerns Think Differently American and Japanese subjects made about an equal number of references to the focal fish, but the Japanese made more than 60 percent more references to background elements (eg, water, rocks, frog, etc) Research conducted by Masuda & Nisbett (2001) as reported in Nisbett (2003) Created by Dr Joanne Hsu Geography of Thought : How and Why Asians and Westerns Think Differently Ancient Greek Tradition Ancient Chinese Tradition The world is fundamentally static and unchangingThe world is constantly changing and is full of contradictions (Yin alternates with yang according to Ta o i s m ) Engaging in debate and verbal contention to discover truthAvoiding arguments and disagreements to maintain social harmony Invented Logic (Using the principle of noncontradiction; Either/or thinking, decontextual) Developed dialectic thinking (accepting contradictions, depending on context; both/and thinking, contextual) Created by Dr Joanne Hsu Geography of Thought : How and Why Asians and Westerns Think Differently Which of the following two groups of proverbs most appeals to you? (A) Half a

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