Football: A Call for Transparency to Curb Corruption

Football: A Call for Transparency to Curb Corruption

10 Pages · 2016 · 374 KB · English

increase this sector's vulnerability to organized crime, in order to curb corruption and money laundering through them mediators, managers, and players. drain on resources. According to Natalie L. Clarke St. Cyr, “the top 20 clubs alone generated around $6 billion in the 2009–2010 seasons [3].

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Football: A Call for Transparency to Curb Corruption De Sanctis FM* Federal Appellate Court, Sao Paulo, Brazil *Corresponding author: De Sanctis FM, Federal Appellate Court, Sao Paulo, Brazil, Tel: 556132173000; Email: [email protected] Received April 27, 2016; Accepted May 28, 2016; Published June 02, 2016 Citation: De Sanctis FM (2016) Football: A Call for Transparency to Curb Corruption Social Crimonol 4: 133 doi: 104172/237544351000133 Copyright: © 2016 De Sanctis FM This is an openaccess article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited Abstract Football, which has experienced an astounding transformation to a global industry with significant economic impact, has been a vehicle for the transmission of cultural and universal values Its structural complexity (players, transfer agents, clubs and its owners, right holders of different contracts) creates a lot of moving parts that can easily hide illicit activity, especially because this structure incorporates the international market The movement of large amounts of money, the difficulty in accounting for all transactions, and ironically, the clubs’ own financial needs increase this sector’s vulnerability to organized crime, in order to curb corruption and money laundering through them The article argues for careful situation involving Football, identifying the risks of misconduct within sport organizations, and proposing measures that could prevent hamper and punish any attempts to thwart these organizations’ main goal: promoting sport as a way for cultural improvement and teaching peo\ ple the values of tolerance and civilized coexistence Keywords: Football; Organized crime; FIFA; Transparency; Vulnerability Introduction Corruption is usually thought of as an institutional illness that affects only national Public Administrations in a direct way, while individuals and private organizations under the influence of such administrations are only indirectly affected However, that is not the case Private institutions can also be, at the same time, tools and \ victims of misconduct carried out by illintended members within its organization, inasmuch as appropriate measures are not taken to place safeguards against internal wrongdoings In fact, wherever there is an institution where power and money are dealt with, there will also be a risk for the commitment of crimes by its members That is true even when the primary subject of such organizations is recreational, like sports We were recently reminded of these harsh truths in the first semester of 2015, when an operation conducted by the FBI and Swiss lawenforcement authorities arrested highlevel FIFA officials in an attempt to dismantle what they believed to be an environment where corruption and unethical behavior were rampant After years of investigations led by US authorities 1 [1], on May 27, 2015, the US Department of Justice unsealed an indictment charging 14 people related to FIFA on racketeering, wire fraud, money laundering, conspiracy, and many other offenses This indictment included sportsmarketing executives and football officials from both North and South America, who allegedly paid and received, from 1991 until the beginning of 2015, more than $ 150 million in bribery in order to obtain major deals regarding many football tournaments 2 Most of the major charges that were brought against these executives and officials \ regarded decision processes that established which companies would be awarded with multimillionaire contracts with FIFA, which countries would win the right to host the World Cups, and even who would be elected president of FIFA’s executive committee 1Apuzzo, M; Clifford, S,After Indicting 14 Soccer Officials, US Vows to End Graft in FIFA, nytimescom, May

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