Focus on Formative Feedback - ETS Home

Focus on Formative Feedback - ETS Home

55 Pages · 2007 · 513 KB · English

The definition of formative feedback may be further refined as multidimensional, nonevaluative, supportive, learner-controlled, timely, specific, credible,

Focus on Formative Feedback - ETS Home free download

Focus on Formative Feedback March 2007 RR-07-11 Research Report V alerie J. Shute Research & Development Focus on Formative Feedback Valerie J. Shute ETS, Princeton, NJ March 2007 As part of its educational and social mission and in fulfilling the organization's nonprofit charter and bylaws, ETS has and continues to learn from and also to lead research that furthers educational and measurement research to advance quality and equity in education and assessment for all users of the organization's products and services. ETS Research Reports provide preliminary and limited dissemination of ETS research prior to publication. To obtain a PDF or a print copy of a report, please visit: http://www.ets.org/research/contact.html Copyright © 2007 by Educational Testing Service. All rights reserved. ETS and the ETS logo are registered trademarks of Educational Testing Service (ETS). Abstract This paper reviews the corpus of research on feedback, with a particular focus on formative feedback—defined as information communicated to the learner that is intended to modify the learner’s thinking or behavior for the purpose of improving learni ng. According to researchers in the area, formative feedback should be multidim ensional, nonevaluative, supportive, timely, specific, credible, infrequent, and genui ne (e.g., Brophy, 1981; Schwartz & White, 2000). Formative feedback is usually presented as information to a learner in response to some action on the learner’s part. It comes in a variety of types (e.g., verification of response accuracy, explanation of the correct answer, hints, worked examples) and can be administered at various times during the learning process (e.g., immediat ely following an answer, after some period of time has elapsed). Finally, there are a number of vari ables that have been shown to interact with formative feedback’s success at promoting learni ng (e.g., individual characteristics of the learner and aspects of the task). All of these issues will

------------- Read More -------------

Download focus-on-formative-feedback-ets-home.pdf

Focus on Formative Feedback - ETS Home related documents

7.The Impact of Human Resource Management Practices on Organizational Performance

16 Pages · 2012 · 395 KB · English

Guinness Nigeria Plc and the fact that there is no clear single set of outcome on how specific HR practices impact on performance, the case study method

A study on components of internal control - based administrative system in secondary schools

7 Pages · 2015 · 339 KB · English

teachers. A package program was applied to analyze collected data for mean, and standard deviation. Evaluation of the goodness of fit of the CFA Model was done by Chi-square, CFI, TLI, RMSEA basing on the Thailand National Basic Education criterion, and 2) satisfaction of related people in the.

Manufacturing and the Knowledge Economy - The Work Foundation | Home

37 Pages · 2009 · 799 KB · English

manufacturing value added have increased slightly, from just under 15 per cent in 1995 to just are becoming central to manufacturing companies and to

TRANSIT 8.2.4 - Mohammad, Al-wan's Quest of Home

15 Pages · 2013 · 255 KB · English

Emine Sevgi. Özdamar's Seltsame Sterne negotiates between the memories of Turkish-German immigrants and . past losses, but through a new imaginative language they rework “cultural matter from which knowledge and a dark complexion, Alwan is approached by the Germans with prejudice or 

RESOURCES FOR PERSONAL FINANCE - Jump$tart.org | Home

6 Pages · 2008 · 51 KB · English

RESOURCES FOR PERSONAL FINANCE The list below was developed by various teachers when we asked for resources for teaching Personal Finance at your school.

Wireless Communications and Networks - Home :: Northeastern University

22 Pages · 2005 · 452 KB · English

Wireless Networks Spring 2005 Wireless Comes of Age Guglielmo Marconi invented the wireless telegraph in 1896 o Communication by encoding alphanumeric characters in

On the dynamic computation of the model constant in delayed detached eddy simulation

17 Pages · 2015 · 3.78 MB · English

compute the value of the model constant CDES, as used in the eddy simulation branch of Delayed Detached Eddy Simulation (DDES). Former DDES 

On the solution uniqueness characterization in the L1 norm and polyhedral gauge recovery

32 Pages · 2017 · 731 KB · English

gauge recovery. Journal of Optimization Theory and Applications, Springer Verlag, 2016, 1 (1), pp.1-. 32. Keywords: basis pursuit - convex polyhedral function - gauge recovery - ℓ1 min- imization . and uniqueness (actually, example 3.5 will show that, without these restrictive conditions,. (1.1a

English 6–12 - FLDOE Home

4 Pages · 2013 · 45 KB · English

Identify and apply various approaches to the study of language, usage, grammar, and style. 3. English 6–12 - 4 - Title: Microsoft Word - 13Eng6-12.doc

Effects of adjuvants on IgG subclasses elicited by virus-like Particles

9 Pages · 2012 · 5.26 MB · English

Subsequently, supernatants were clarified by centrifugation at 2,000 g for 15 min at .. J Virol. 2005, 79: 7059-7067. 10.1128/JVI.79.11.7059-7067.2005. Buonaguro L, Devito C, Tornesello ML, Schroder U, Wahren B, Hinkula J,