DIGITAL SYSTEMS DESIGN - University of Sulaimani

DIGITAL SYSTEMS DESIGN - University of Sulaimani

18 Pages · 2010 · 445 KB · English

University of Sulaimani . College of Engineering . Electrical Engineering Department . Course Book of . 2010 . DIGITAL SYSTEMS DESIGN Mr. Araz Sabir Ameen

DIGITAL SYSTEMS DESIGN - University of Sulaimani free download


Sensors 20 11, 11, 3527 -3544 ; doi :10.3390/ s11 0403527 sensors ISSN 1424 -8220 www.mdpi.com/journal/sensors Article On Prolonging Network Lifetime through Load -Similar Node Deployment in Wireless Sensor Networks Qiao -Qin Li 1, Haigang Gong 1,*, Ming Liu 1, Mei Yang 2 and Jun Zheng 3 1 School of Computer Science and Engineering, University of Electronic Science and Technology of Chengdu, Chengdu 610054, China ; E-Mails: [email protected] uestc.edu.cn (Q. -Q. L.); csmliu @ uestc.edu.cn (M .L.) 2 Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, University of Nevada, Las Vegas, NV 89154, USA ; E-Mail: [email protected] 3 Department of Computer Science and Engineering, New Mexico Institute of Mining and Technology, Socorro, NM 87801, USA ; E-Mail: [email protected] * Author to whom correspondence should be addressed; E-Mail: hggong @uestc.edu.cn. Received: 30 January 2011; in revised form: 17 March 2011 / Accepted: 21 March 2011 / Published: 24 March 2011 Abstract: This paper is focused on th e study of the energy hole problem in the Progressive Multi -hop Rotational Clustered (PMRC) -structure, a highly scalable wireless sensor network (WSN) architecture. Based on an analysis on the traffic load distribution in PMRC -based WSNs, we propose a nove l load -similar node distribution strategy combined with the Minimum Overlapping Layers (MOL) scheme to address the energy hole problem in PMRC -based WSNs. In this strategy, sensor nodes are deployed in the network area according to the load distribution. T hat is, more nodes shall be deployed in the range where the average load is higher, and then the load s among different a reas in the sensor network tend to be balanced. Simulation results demonstrate that

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