Data Structures and Encoding

Data Structures and Encoding

128 Pages · 2014 · 3.37 MB · English

The Unicode documents provide extensive documentation on these issues. 4. The GBK character set is an extension of the GB 2312-1980 character set and supports the Chinese characters in GB. 13000.1-93 that is the Chinese adaptation of Unicode 1.1. The GBK is code point backward compatible to 

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PS35 DICOM PS35 2013 Data Structures and Encoding PS35: DICOM PS35 2013 Data Structures and Encoding Copyright © 2013 NEMA Standard Page 2 Table of Contents Notice and Disclaimer 11 Foreword 13 1 Scope and Field of Application 15 2 Normative References 17 3 Definitions 19 31 Reference Model Definitions 19 32 ACSE Service Definitions 19 33 Presentation Service Definitions 19 34 Object Identification Definitions 19 35 DICOM Introduction and Overview Definitions 19 36 DICOM Conformance Definitions 19 37 DICOM Information Object Definitions 19 38 DICOM Service Class Specifications Definitions 20 39 DICOM Network Communication Support For Message Exchange Definitions 20 310 DICOM Data Structures and Encoding Definitions 20 311 Character Handling Definitions 21 4 Symbols and Abbreviations 23 5 Conventions 25 6 Value Encoding 27 61 Support of Character Repertoires 27 611 Representation of Encoded Character Values 27 612 Graphic Characters 28 6121 Default Character Repertoire 28 6122 Extension or Replacement of the Default Character Repertoire 28 6123 Encoding of Character Repertoires 29 6124 Code Extension Techniques 30 6125 Usage of Code Extension 30 61251 Assumed Initial States 30 61252 Restrictions for Code Extension 31 61253 Requirements 31 61254 Levels of Implementation and Initial Designation 31 613 Control Characters 32 62 Value Representation (VR) 32 621 Person Name (PN) Value Representation 39 6211 Examples of PN VR and Notes 39 6212 Ideographic and Phonetic Characters in Data Elements with VR of PN 40 622 Unknown (UN) Value Representation 41 63 Enumerated Values and Defined Terms 41 64 Value Multiplicity (VM) and Delimitation 42 7 The Data Set 43 71 Data Elements 43 711 Data Element Fields 44 712 Data Element Structure with Explicit VR 44 713 Data Element Structure with Implicit VR 45 72 Group Length 46 73 Big Endian Versus Little Endian Byte Ordering 46 74 Data Element Type 47 741 Type 1 Required Data Elements 47 742 Type 1C Conditional Data Elements 47 743 Type 2 Required Data Elements 47 744 Type 2C Conditional Data Elements 48 745 Type 3 Optional Data Elements 48 746 Data Element Types Within A Sequence 48 75 Nesting of Data Sets 48 751 Item Encoding Rules 49 752 Delimitation of The Sequence of Items 49 753 Sequence Inheritance 51 Standard Page 3 DICOM PS35 2013 Data Structures and Encoding 76 Repeating Groups 51 77 Retired Data Elements 51 78 Private Data Elements 52 781 Private Data Element Tags 52 782 Encoding of Private Elements 53 8 Encoding of Pixel, Overlay and Waveform Data 55 81 Pixel and Overlay Data, and Related Data Elements 55 811 Pixel Data Encoding of Related Data Elements 55 812 Overlay Data Encoding of Related Data Elements 56 82 Native or Encapsulated Format Encoding 56 821 JPEG Image Compression 57 822 Run Length Encoding Compression 58 823 JPEGLS Image Compression 59 824 JPEG 2000 Image Compression 59 825 MPEG2 [email protected] Image Compression 60 826 MPEG2 [email protected] Image Compression 62 827 MPEG4 AVC/H264 High Profile / Level 41 Video Compression 64 83 Waveform Data and Related Data Elements 67 84 Pixel Data Provider Service 67 841 JPIP Referenced Pixel Data 67 9 Unique Identifiers (UIDs) 69 91 UID Encoding Rules 69 92 Unique Identifier Registration 70 921 DICOM Defined and Registered Unique Identifiers 70 922 Privately Defined Unique Identifiers 70 10 Transfer Syntax 71 101 DICOM Default Transfer Syntax 71 102 Transfer Syntax for a DICOM Default of Lossless JPEG Compression 71 103 Transfer Syntaxes for a DICOM Default of Lossy JPEG Compression 72 104 Transfer Syntax For DICOM RLE Compression 72 105 Transfer Syntax For A DICOM Default of Lossless and Lossy (Nearlossless) JPEGLS Compression 72 106 Transfer Syntax For JPEG

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